MIT philosophy: resources: teaching resources


General Teaching Resources | Philosophy Resources | MIT Resources | Grading | Plagiarism


1. General Teaching Resources


2. Philosophy Resources


3. MIT Resources


4. Grading

Fall semester and IAP grading:
All subjects graded as either Pass or No Record (P/NR)
Spring semester grading:
All subjects graded A,B,C, or No Record
Internal transcript records D or F grades as DN or FN (N=no record)
Internal and external transcripts record grades of A, B, or C.

D or F grades continue to be noted only internally: DN or FN (N=no record)
External transcript shows only subjects passed (recorded as P)
External transcript shows only subjects passed, recorded as actual A, B, C grade
Internal "Hidden" grades are given in Fall and IAP to advisors; grades cannot be used for outside purposes, e.g., scholarships, jobs, reduced insurance rates, grad school.
Second semester freshmen begin accumulating GPA (includes only grades of A, B, or C)

Information about HASS-D and CI courses

TO MEET the CI REQUIREMENT, students must pass the course with a C or better (see the Bulletin, p. 41).  (Since +/- are not recorded, students need a C- or better, see below).

TO MEET THE PHASE ONE WRITING REQUIREMENT, students must earn an A or B in the course (see the Bulletin, p. 42). (In effect, B- or better...see below.)

TO MEET THE HASS-D REQUIREMENT, students must pass the course with a C or better (see the Bulletin, p. 43). (In effect, C- or better, see below.)

NOTE: MIT does not count + or - in defining these requirements...note in general that MIT's transcripts include only A, B, C. D, F, with no + or - modifiers, though the modifiers are used WITHIN MIT (for advising, etc.).  See the Bulletin, p. 83 for details.

HASS-D requirement
CI Requirement

Passing Grades

The MIT internal grading system includes plus (+) and minus (-) modifiers for use with the letter grades of A, B, and C in all academic subjects (except advanced standing exams). These modifiers are included on internal grade reports. However, they are not officially part of students' grades, they do not appear on MIT transcripts, and they do not affect reported grade-point averages.  Students who satisfactorily complete the work of a subject by the end of the term receive one of the following grades:

A Exceptionally good performance, demonstrating a superior understanding of the subject matter, a foundation of extensive knowledge, and a skillful use of concepts and/or materials.

B Good performance, demonstrating capacity to use the appropriate concepts, a good understanding of the subject matter, and an ability to handle problems and materials encountered in the subject.

C Adequate performance, demonstrating an adequate understanding of the subject matter, an ability to handle relatively simple problems, and adequate preparation for moving on to more advanced work in the field.

D Minimally acceptable performance, demonstrating at least partial familiarity with the subject matter and some capacity to deal with relatively simple problems, but also demonstrating deficiencies serious enough to make it inadvisable to proceed further in the field without additional work.

NOTE: Some departments require students with a D-level performance in certain prerequisite subjects within the departmental program to do additional work or to retake the prerequisite before proceeding with the follow-on subject.

Use of the P (Passing) Grade

P Whenever the use of the passing grade P is authorized, it reflects performance at the levels A, B, or C, with the student graded on either a Pass/No Record or P/D/F basis.

Non-Passing Grades

The grades and notations authorized to be used for students who do not pass or satisfactorily complete the work of a subject by the end of the term are:

F Failed. This grade signifies that the student must repeat the subject to receive credit.

FN Signifies F-level performance in freshman Pass/No Record and ABC/No Record grading. It carries no credit and is not computed in the grade-point average. The transcript shows no record of the subject's having been taken that term.

DN Signifies D-level performance in freshman Pass/No Record and ABC/No Record grading. It carries no credit and is not computed in the grade-point average. The external transcript shows no record of the subject's having been taken that term.

O Absent. This grade indicates that the student was progressing satisfactorily during the term but was absent from the final examination, did not turn in the final paper or project, and/or was absent from the last two weeks of the term. An O grade carries no credit for the subject. Unsatisfactory performance because of absence throughout the term should be recorded as an F. The grade of O is equivalent to the grade of F in its contribution to the grade point average. Unlike an F, however, an O can be converted into the grade of OX, and then possibly into a passing grade.

Being Excused from a Final Examination

OX Absence satisfactorily explained to, and excused by, a dean in Student Support Services(SSS). The faculty member in charge of the subject will be notified when an O is changed to an OX. An OX carries no credit for the subject. The faculty member in charge of the subject must provide the student with the opportunity to earn a credit-carrying grade in place of the OX. For this purpose, the instructor may require a make-up final examination or other additional evaluation procedures, or must base a new grade on other evidence. It is the student's responsibility to contact the instructor to make arrangements for earning the new grade.

Upon completion of a subject for which an OX was assigned, the final grade will appear on the transcript replacing OX. Should a student fail to complete a subject for which an OX was assigned, the OX grade will remain on the record. It will not convert automatically to any other grade. A grade of OX is not included in the term rating.

Sophomore Exploratory Subjects

If a student receives an OX in a subject he or she has designated as Exploratory, the student may change the subject from credit to Listener status through his or her next Registration Day (fall or spring) after the final grade is posted.

ON Signifies absence, O, in freshman Pass/No Record grading. It carries no credit and is not computed in the grade point average. The transcript shows no record of the subject's having been taken that term.

OXN Signifies an excused absence, OX, in freshman Pass/No Record grading. It carries no credit and is not computed in the grade point average. The transcript shows no record of the subject's having been taken that term. When the subject is completed and passed, the subject and the final grade will appear on the transcript. If the subject is not completed or passed, the transcript continues to show no record of the subject's having been taken that term.

I Incomplete. This grade indicates that a minor part of the subject requirements has not been fulfilled and that a passing grade is to be expected when the work is completed. The work should normally be completed before Add Date of the succeeding fall or spring term; however, the faculty member in charge, in negotiation with the student, has the right to set an earlier or later date for pedagogical reasons or extenuating circumstances.

For undergraduate students, the instructor is required to submit a report form for a grade of I.  On the form the instructor provides the date by which the outstanding work is to be completed and a default final grade. The default final grade represents the grade the student would have earned, using appropriately low scores for the missing work.  If the subject is not completed by Add Date of the succeeding regular term, the default final grade will be posted to the student’s record unless a later completion date has been specifically agreed between the instructor and the student.

5. Plagiarism


MIT philosophy
updated: 7 dec 12