Summary of Ideas Fair Presentations

Snow removal in city
room 1-132
Cambridge Snow Center
Challenges of circus arts performance
room 1-134
Les 7doigts

Rainwater harvesting in Thar desert
room 1-135
OneProsper International
Safety and hazards of stonework
room 5-233
Bricklayers and Allied Craftsmen Union

Safety and hazard at maker space
room 1-242
Artisan's Asylum

Redesign police transportation vehicle
room 1-246
MIT police
Keeping our ocean clean
room 1-273
NOAA Fisheries

Food safety and handling
room 1-371

The evolution of scuba equipment
room 1-375
United Divers, Inc.
Safety gear for climbing
room 1-379
MIT Outing Club

Rehabilitation technology
room 5-217
David Crandell, MD
The art of firespinning
room 5-231
MIT Firespinning Club

Snow removal in city (slides, .pdf)
Eric Josephson, Rebecca Fuentes
Cambridge Snow Center

We are responsible for removing the snow from walking paths around the City in parks and other public areas. Currently we put up snow stakes in the fall so the person driving the sidewalk plow or pushing a snow blower knows what path to follow once the park is covered in snow. These snow stakes often disappear over the course of the winter and we often end up tearing up the grass around the paths and breaking sprinkler heads when we try to clear snow from the paths. We would like some type of solution that would allow the person clearing snow to stay on the path even when the area is covered in snow. An analogous product would be the Roomba vacuum, which learns how to navigate around a room to avoid furniture. We would be looking for a way to have our snow clearing equipment navigate public spaces even when the public space is covered in snow.

Rainwater harvesting in Thar desert (slides, .pdf)
Krithika Ramchander
OneProsper International

OneProsper International is building rainwater harvesting tanks with biosand filters for families in the Thar Desert. The rainwater harvesting tank has a capacity of 25,000 L and has a depth of 10 ft. Currently, the rainwater harvesting tanks are made using poured concrete. My goal is to design an improved rainwater harvesting tank using prefabricated materials. My slides will showing rainwater harvesting tanks + biosand filters for families in the Thar Desert. According to a report by McKinsey, India will have the highest deficit between demand and supply of water by 2030. This means that millions of girls that are currently drawing water from household tubewells will be forced to walk long distances to collect water as their wells dry up. Rainwater harvesting is a sustainable solution for providing clean water because it does not deplete scarce ground water. In addition, OneProsper is helping families to build a farming dyke perpendicular to the flow of water which helps to recharge groundwater while doubling crop yields.

Safety and hazard at maker space (slides, .pdf)
Andrew Anselmo
Artisan's Asylum

Artisan's Asylum is one of the largest maker spaces in the United States, occupying about 40,000 square feet in Somerville, MA. It is a hobby shop, business incubator, community space, and learning center. Some of the challenges are how to work together, how to keep it from burning down, keeping it secure, and making sure only trained people are qualified to use dangerous widgets. This presentation will cover Artisan's Asylum, and some of the unique challenges that it has.

Keeping our ocean clean (slides, .pdf)
Catherine Tobin
NOAA Fisheries

Marine debris is one of the largest human-caused threats the ocean faces today. We are beginning to ask many questions about how pollution affects different species and spaces, the impacts to human health, and the long-term consequences of the onslaught of synthetic items in the marine environment. Once it is in the ocean, marine debris can have many negative impacts, including threats to navigation, damage to ships and fishing equipment, and animal entanglement and ingestion complications. Debris also has the ability to smother fragile habitats like coral reefs and seagrass beds. It affects tourism, fisheries, ecosystem functionality, and economies.

The Northeast Region of the US has a long-standing heritage of commercial fishing and is home to industrialized coastlines, city centers, and popular tourist destinations, all of which can contribute to ocean pollution if not properly managed. NOAA’s Marine Debris Program presents two challenges: 1) create a device or mechanism to stop debris from entering the watershed via storm drains or 2) design an economical marine trash skimmer to collect marine debris from protected harbors or marinas.

The Evolution of scuba equipment (slides, .pdf)
Jim Estabrook
United Divers Inc.

My presentation will be on the evolution of scuba diving equipment and water rescue equipment. in 70 years that SCUBA has been popular the equipment has had some drastic changes and has become easier to use. The equipment has become lightweight tanks are 1/2 the weight as the original weight. The vests have become a working tool rather than something that lays around your neck. The wet suits are more flexible and warmer in the cold water here in New England. As SCUBA gear has changed so has Rescue equipment changed again to make it safer and a lot more user friendly.

Rehabilitation technology (slides, .pdf)
David Crandell, MD, Drs. Craig Rovito, James "Woody" Morgan, Raafey Syed
Spaulding Lyme disease rehab team

Dr. David Crandell has spent over 11 years as an academic physiatrist in the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation working primarily at Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital Boston. Five years ago, he began leading the Amputee Program at Spaulding. Although the majority of his time throughout his career has been spent in clinical care and teaching of medical students, physician assistant students and residents, he has had and increased role over the past several years in collaborative rehabilitation research. A new area of clinical care and research is Persistent Lyme Disease Syndrome.

Challenges of circus arts performance (slides)
Francisco Cruz
Les 7doigts

Circus often conjures up images of big tops, animals, trains or Las Vegas performances, but the world of circus has been reimagined into a contemporary art form. It often encompasses theatre, dance, music, and elements of sport. In the field of circus today, performers utilize their bodies to perform various feats in ensemble casts or through solo performances. I will provide a brief introduction on contemporary circus arts, my experience as a professional circus artist, as well as my transition from performer to head coach, acrobatic designer, casting director, and social media content creator for “The 7 Fingers”, a contemporary circus company located in Montreal, Canada. I will discuss various aspects of circus arts and the challenges that artists and companies face in the field today.

Redesign police transportation vehicle (slides, pdf)
John DiFaval
MIT police

Police departments today utilize bicycles more and more, but the overall design of these machines has not changed to match the needs of police officer in the 21st century. Police Officers need a machine that is light-weight, durable, portable, comfortable, and safe. Among the cycling public there has been an increase in the use of folding bicycles, but this trend has not been shared law enforcement. Ideally police bicycles could be folded to a size of a small folded wheel chair and could fit in the trunk or rear of a police car. In addition to foldability, the bicycles would still need functional sirens and lights for evening patrolling. Unlike motor vehicles, bicycles have not shown many safety improvements. Motor vehicles have sensors to avoid collisions, but bicycles, for the most part do not have any safety equipment as part of their design. We need a bike that can be ridden for 8+ hours a day, be comfortable, easily stowable, and safe.

Safety and hazards of stonework (slides, .pdf)
Jim Dailey
Bricklayers and Allied Craftsmen Union

Bricklayers and Allied Craftworkers represents craftworkers in the trowel trades across the United States and Canada including bricklayers, stone and marble masons, cement masons, plasterers, tilesetters, terrazzo and mosaic workers, and pointers/cleaners/caulkers. We will discuss the health and safety hazards associated with these trades.

Food safety and handling (slides, .pdf)
Ethan Sherbondy

Running a restaurant requires juggling a number of activities, many of which involve interacting with potentially dangerous equipment, from kitchen knives to bubbling fryers filled with hot oil. On top of all of this, staff have to be constantly diligent about maintaining sanitation and controls for the sake of customer food safety: from continuous temperature monitoring of refrigeration units, to identifying customers with food allergies and taking appropriate precautions in the kitchen to accommodate them. Not to mention washing hands, continuous cleaning of kitchen surfaces, and the likes. Combine this with the basics of hospitality, re: emptying waste/compost bins throughout the day, cleaning bathrooms, and maintaining the general tidiness of the dining area. It’s a lot to execute on daily, and any sort of hardware that eases the burden of these ongoing tasks could make a big difference to the safety and well-being of restaurant staff and customers alike, at Clover and elsewhere around the world.

Safety gear for climbing (slides, .pdf)
Avilash Cramer
MIT Outing Club

Sport climbing, trad climbing, ice climbing, ski-mountaineering, and more! I'll be presenting a whirlwind tour through many of mechanical devices used in modern climbing techniques. Learn about the devices used to climb safely on rock, ice, and glaciated peaks! The design of technical climbing gear is an area of vibrant innovation in mechanical engineering, with a rapidly expanding community of professional and recreational consumers. Avilash Cramer is an avid rock climber and mountaineer, and a recovering gear weenie. Raised in Oregon, Avilash has climbed, hiked, and skied all over the world, including the Cascade range, Alaska, and the Kashmiri Himalaya. Some of his notable recent climbs  include ski descents of Mt Baker (10,700') and Mt Shuksan (9,100'); a 2-day ascent of Mt Rainier via the Kautz route (14,400', AI2/3), and several 5.12s at Rumney, NH. A doctoral candidate at the Harvard-MIT division of Health Sciences and Technology (HST), Avilash was the former MIT outing club president, the winner of the 2017 MIT bouldering competition, and a 2018 Sean A Collier adventure grant recipient.

The art of firespinning (slides, .pdf)
Kelly Chen, Caroline Laber-Smith, Henry J Shackleton, Edith Chavez, Amanda Wang
MIT Firespinning Club

MIT Spinning Arts Club exists to foster a healthy spinning community on campus and off. The spinning arts combine dance, juggling, object manipulation, and (sometimes) fire! Since spinning arts handles a variety of spinning props and many controlled flames, fire, chemical, and equipment safety are of utmost importance in order to allow an enjoyable spinning environment. Spinners must participate in safety training lectures and practical trainings annually in order to be familiar with the variety of safety gear and props necessary to be able to spin lit props or safety another spinner. More advanced training allows one to work with more advanced techniques such as fire breathing. The Spinning Arts Club additionally hosts workshops and performances throughout the year allowing many people to see this exciting art form. Since spinners face a number of challenges involving fire-safety, prop handling, and event or performance logistics, there are many avenues for innovation in this space.