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Residential Architecture

15th Century
13 - Burji Mamluk Architecture in the City
The Complex of Sultan Barquq in al-Qahira (1384-86)
Facade of the Complex of Barquq
Minaret of the Complex
Main Portal with Marble Decoration
Qibla Wall with Mihrab and Minbar
The Mosque of Sultan al-Mu`ayyad at Bab Zuwayla (1415-22)
The two minarets of al-Mu'ayyad's Mosque atop the salients of Bab Zuweila
The copper door of Sultan Hasan that al-Mu'ayyad appropriated for his mosque
The Muqarnas above the Mosque's entrance
The Sabil of Sultan Qaytbay at al-Saliba (1479)
General view of the Sabil-Kuttab
Detail of the Facade marble decoration
The Wikala of Sultan Qaytbay at Bab al-Nasr (1481)
Main facade of the Wikala
Portal of the Wikala
Aerial view showing the space arrangement of the Wikala
The Mosque of Amir Qijmas al-Ishaqi at al-Darb al-Ahmar (1479-81)
Northern facade of the Mosque on al-Darb al-Ahmar
Southern facade of the Mosque on al-Darb al-Ahmar
Detail of the window grill with the Rank of Qijmas al-Bhaqi
The Madrasa and Khanqah of Sultan al-Ghuri (1503-5)
The Madrasa and Khanqah of Sultan al-Ghuri plan
General view of the Madrasa and Khanqah from al-Azhar overpass
Facade of the Madrasa
Facade of the Khanqah
Sabil-Kuttab attached to the Khanqah
The Wikala of Sultan al-Ghuri (1504)
Wikala of al-Ghuri, general view from court
Detail of the interior facades
The Madrasa-Mosque of Amir Khayerbak (1520-21)
The Madrasa-Mosque of Amir Khayerbak plan
View of the madrasa from the South on al-Darb al-Ahmar Street
Detail of the carved stonedome
The Passage connecting the Madrasa to the old palace of Alin Aq
Facade of the Madrasa on al-Darb al-Ahmar Street
Burji Mamluk: The name given to the second Mamluk period in which most of the ruler were of Circassian origin (1382-1517). It derives from the place of residence of the first Circassian Mamluks: the towers (abraj) of the Citadel of Cairo.
`Abd al-Rahman Ibn Khaldun (1332-1406): One of the most original medieval thinkers, and the real founder of history as more than a collection of events, dates, names, and narratives. The first part of his general history book, called al-Muqaddima (the Introduction) presents an unprecedented deep and thourough analysis of the organization of human societies seen from the perspective of an Islamic culture.
Taqi al-Din al-Maqrizi: A student of Ibn Khaldun, he composed the most complete corpus of data on medieval Cairo's topography and toponymy: al Mawa`iz wa-l-I`tibar bi-Dhikr al-Khitat wa-l-Athar. In it, he records with loving care each and every street and important structure in Cairo and produces their description and the history of everything connected with them.
Qa`a-Mosque Type: Probably a development borrowed from residential architecture. This mosque type is composed of a qa`a, which normally had two iwans facing each other on the main axis.
Sabil-Kuttab: A charitable structure composed of a sabil (drinking fountain) on the ground floor, and a kuttab (Qur'anic school for boys) on top, which was usually a room open on all sides.
Dar al-Wikala: Used primarily in Egypt, the house of procuration or agency, where trading takes place. It functioned as the urban inn, the guarded storehouse, and the trading installation for wholesale, retail, and export.
Rab`: Or apartment building usually formed of rows of duplexes, in which the first floor contained the services and the qa`a and the second had smaller living spaces. It became common in Mamluk Cairo, probably as a result of urban conjestion. It sometimes complemented the wikala, in the form of separate residences in the upper floors.
Maq`ad: Usually translated as loggia, but in the Mamluk context it is a specific loggia with an arcaded opening used as a reception space.

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Burji Mamluk Architecture


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