kinit - obtain and cache Kerberos ticket-granting ticket


          [-V] [-l lifetime] [-s start_time] [-r renewable_life]
          [-p | -P] [-f | -F] [-a] [-A] [-C] [-E] [-v] [-R] [-k
          [-t keytab_file]] [-c cache_name] [-n] [-S
          service_name][-T armor_ccache] [-X attribute[=value]]


     kinit obtains and caches an initial  ticket-granting  ticket
     for principal.


     -V   display verbose output.

     -l lifetime
          requests a ticket  with  the  lifetime  lifetime.   The
          value  for lifetime must be followed immediately by one
          of the following delimiters:

             s  seconds
             m  minutes
             h  hours
             d  days

          as in "kinit -l 90m".  You cannot mix units; a value of
          `3h30m' will result in an error.

          If the -l option is not specified, the  default  ticket
          lifetime (configured by each site) is used.  Specifying
          a ticket lifetime longer than the maximum ticket  life-
          time (configured by each site) results in a ticket with
          the maximum lifetime.

     -s start_time
          requests  a  postdated  ticket,   valid   starting   at
          start_time.   Postdated  tickets  are  issued  with the
          invalid flag set, and need to be fed back  to  the  kdc
          before use.

     -r renewable_life
          requests renewable tickets, with a  total  lifetime  of
          renewable_life.   The duration is in the same format as
          the -l option, with the same delimiters.

     -f   request forwardable tickets.

     -F   do not request forwardable tickets.

     -p   request proxiable tickets.

     -P   do not request proxiable tickets.

     -a   request tickets with the local address[es].

     -A   request address-less tickets.

     -C   requests canonicalization of the principal name.

     -E   treats the principal name as an enterprise name.

     -v   requests that the ticket granting ticket in  the  cache
          (with  the  invalid  flag set) be passed to the kdc for
          validation.  If the ticket is within its requested time
          range, the cache is replaced with the validated ticket.

     -R   requests renewal of the ticket-granting  ticket.   Note
          that  an  expired ticket cannot be renewed, even if the
          ticket is still within its renewable life.

     -k [-t keytab_file]
          requests a ticket, obtained from a  key  in  the  local
          host's  keytab file.  The name and location of the key-
          tab file may  be  specified  with  the  -t  keytab_file
          option; otherwise the default name and location will be
          used.  By default a host ticket is  requested  but  any
          principal  may be specified. On a KDC, the special key-
          tab location KDB: can be used to  indicate  that  kinit
          should  open  the  KDC  database  and  look  up the key
          directly.  This  permits  an  administrator  to  obtain
          tickets  as  any principal that supports password-based

     -n   Requests anonymous processing.  Two types of  anonymous
          principals  are  supported.   For  fully anonymous Ker-
          beros,  configure  pkinit  on  the  KDC  and  configure
          pkinit_anchors in the client's krb5.conf.  Then use the
          -n option with a principal of the form @REALM (an empty
          principal  name  followed  by  the  at-sign and a realm
          name).  If permitted by the KDC,  an  anonymous  ticket
          will  be  returned.  A second form of anonymous tickets
          is supported;  these  realm-exposed  tickets  hide  the
          identity of the client but not the client's realm.  For
          this mode, use kinit -n with a normal  principal  name.
          If  supported by the KDC, the principal (but not realm)
          will be replaced by the  anonymous  principal.   As  of
          release  1.8,  the MIT Kerberos KDC only supports fully
          anonymous operation.

     -T armor_ccache
          Specifies the name of a credential cache  that  already
          contains  a  ticket.   If  supported  by  the KDC, This
          ccache will be used to armor the  request  so  that  an
          attacker  would  have to know both the key of the armor
          ticket and the key of the principal used for  authenti-
          cation  in  order  to attack the request. Armoring also
          makes sure that the response from the KDC is not  modi-
          fied in transit.

     -c cache_name
          use cache_name as the Kerberos 5  credentials  (ticket)
          cache  name  and  location; if this option is not used,
          the default cache name and location are used.

          The default credentials cache may vary between systems.
          If  the  KRB5CCNAME  environment  variable  is set, its
          value is used to name the default  ticket  cache.   Any
          existing contents of the cache are destroyed by kinit.

     -S service_name
          specify an alternate service name to use  when  getting
          initial tickets.

     -X attribute[=value]
          specify a pre-authentication attribute and value to  be
          passed  to  pre-authentication plugins.  The acceptable
          attribute and value values vary from pre-authentication
          plugin  to plugin.  This option may be specified multi-
          ple times to specify multiple attributes.  If no  value
          is specified, it is assumed to be "yes".

          The following attributes are recognized by the OpenSSL pkinit
          pre-authentication mechanism:
                specify where to find user's X509 identity information
                specify where to find trusted X509 anchor information
                specify use of RSA, rather than the default Diffie-Hellman protocol


     Kinit uses the following environment variables:

     KRB5CCNAME      Location  of  the  Kerberos  5   credentials
                     (ticket) cache.


     /tmp/krb5cc_[uid]  default location of  Kerberos  5  creden-
                        tials  cache ([uid] is the decimal UID of
                        the user).

     /etc/krb5.keytab   default location  for  the  local  host's
                        keytab file.


     klist(1), kdestroy(1), kerberos(1)

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