The MIT Space Plasma Group was founded by Professor Herbert Bridge and Professor Bruno Rossi. Professor Stan Olbert was the theoretical backbone of the group as it flew instruments on numerous space missions to study the solar wind, beginning with its first in situ measurement with Explorer 10 in 1961. The group's current staff consists of John Belcher , John Richardson , and Leslie Finck . Recent former members of the group include John T. Steinberg , George S. Gordon , Chi Wang , Matthias R. Aellig , Slobodan Jurac , Dorian E. Clack , Justin Ashmall , Ying Liu , Justin Kasper , Michael Stevens , Pamela Milligan , and Anne MacAskill . We honor the memory of our colleagues Karolen Paularena (1957-2001), Alan J. Lazarus (1931-2014) and Stanislaw Olbert (1923-2017) .
The group developed the instruments on three active spacecraft,
NOAA's DSCOVR (Deep Space Climate Observatory)
These instruments are Faraday cup detectors which detect
plasma (hydrogen and helium ions) with energies less than 10 keV.
DSCOVR's Faraday cup is named in honor of Alan Lazarus.
Solar Wind Observations by Voyager 2
MIT Kavli Institute for
Astrophysics and Space Research
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