A number of approaches are available to the practitioner in developing strategies. An appropriate process takes into consideration scale of intervention, level of action and impacts anticipated, and the stakeholders involved. In many cases indviduals are also involved as key actors in addressing environmental issues.
It is noted that the basic steps or phases are largely similar, and the key difference is the manner in which it is executed - defining the problem, collecting information, setting priorities, implementing program - and its emphasis. Examples are shown for both types of approaches.