The Complex of Sultan Qalawun in Cairo (1284-85): Contains a bimaristan (hospital), a madrasa, and a mausoleum for the founder. The street fašade is well articulated and shows the confluence of Syrian (Crusader and Islamic) arrangements. The madrasa is a four-iwan type with a basilical organization in the qibla iwan. The Dome of the mausoleum echoes the octagonal plan of the Dome of the Rock.

 

The Complex of Sultan Qalawun in Cairo, view of the mausoleum dome and the minaret.
 
The Complex of Sultan Qalawun in Cairo, detail of the external facade with its gothic influences.
 
The Complex of Sultan Qalawun in Cairo, main or eastern iwan in the madrasa with its tripartite arched opening.
   
A 1840 painting of the interior of the Madrasa's main iwan by the French artist Adrien Dauzats.

 

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