3 - The Architecture of the Early Mosques


The House and Mosque of the Prophet at Medina: The Islamic prototype of both religious and residential architecture, built in 622 C. E. (1 A.H.or After Hegire, the emigration of the Prophet to Medina), and enlarged several times in the first century of Islam, the most important of which is the enlargement of al-Walid, the Umayyad caliph, in 707.

The Early Congregational Mosques of the Amsar:
Misr: Name of early Islamic garrison towns, founded in the conquered regions. The most famous amsar (pl. of misr) were Busra and Kufa in Iraq, Fustat in Egypt, and Qayrawan in Tunisia. These settlements grew from informal encampments around a central mosque to capital cities within the first century Hegire (7th-8th century C. E.).

  • The Mosque of Kufa in Iraq (638, rebuilt 670).
  • The Mosque of Basra in Iraq (635, rebuilt 665).
  • The Mosque of Amru, Fustat, Egypt (641-42).
  • Other Early Examples of Mosques in Bosra, South Syria (late 7th c.).


The House and Mosque of the Prophet at Medina

The Mosque of Amru in Fustat

The Mosque of Kufa in Iraq







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