Alstan Jakubiec and Christoph Reinhart
In this project we developed a new simulation-based technique to reliably predict the annual electricity yield from an arbitrarily oriented and obstructed photovoltaic (PV) array located anywhere on the planet. The technique considers detailed surrounding geometry such as trees and buildings, hourly direct and diffuse solar radiation data as well as instantaneous solar cell efficiencies due to varying roof temperatures. Required simulation inputs are standard local weather station data as well as LIDAR point clouds.
As a proof of concept, the we teamed up with the City of Cambridge and Eduardo Berlin from Modern Development Studio and generated an interactive Solar Map of Cambridge. MIT created an annual electricity yield map from PV for all Cambridge rooftops. The data shows which roofs in Cambridge have excellent, good, poor and no solar potential for PV. The map has a resolution of 5' by 5'. Modern Develoment Studio devleopped the online viewer and a financial analysis module that considers federal and state incentives for residential and commercial PV installtions as well as estimated payback times for PV systems with excellent or good solar potential. The City of Cambridge provided the underlying LiDAR data and Google ortho-images. The basic steps of the simulation technique are shown below. More details can be found here.