Contextual modulation in primary visual cortex.

Zipser K; Lamme VA; Schiller PH
The Journal of Neuroscience, 1996 Nov, 16:22, 7376-89.

We studied extra-receptive field contextual modulation in area V1 of awake, behaving macaque monkeys. Contextual modulation was studied using texture displays in which texture covering the receptive field (RF) was the same in all trials, but the perceptual context of this texture could vary depending on the configuration of extra-RF texture elements. We found robust contextual modulation when disparity, color, luminance, and orientation cues variously defined a textured figure centered on the RF of V1 neurons. We found contextual modulation to have a spatial extent of approximately 8 to 10 degrees diameter parafoveally. Contextual modulation correlated with perceptual experience of both binocularly rivalrous texture displays and of displays with a simple example of surface occlusion. We found contextual modulation in V1 to have a characteristic latency of 80-100 msec after stimulus onset, potentially allowing feedback from extrastriate areas to underlie to this effect.

Unique Identifier97083722
ISSN 0270-6474
Country of Publication UNITED STATES