STS.467: Research Seminar on Deep Sea Archaeology
Wed. 7-10 pm, Building E51,
Professors David Mindell &
office: Mindell--E51-194 •
office hours: Mindell- Wednesdays,
3-5 • Brody--Tuesdays & Thursdays 1:30-3:00, drop-in, or by appointment
tel: Mindell 253-0221 • Brody
e-mail: email@example.com • firstname.lastname@example.org
Goals: Examines the
intellectual foundations of archaeology in the deep sea. Explores the
current convergence of oceanography, archaeology, and engineering which
allows scientists to discover, survey, and excavate shipwrecks in deep
water with robots and submarines. How best do we employ new devices for
archaeological work? How do new capabilities (e.g. higher frequencies,
higher resolution, all digital data output) change operations plans and
research designs? What new technologies will be required? Area studies
will focus on the Aegean in Minoan times and western Sicily during Phoenician,
Greek, and Roman hegemony.
presentations (number to be determined by class enrollment); presentations
will entail the assignment of one article ahead of time for class reading,
a 3-4 page written argument submitted to the class by e-mail 24 hours
in advance of the presentation, 1 page of annotated bibliography, and
a 15-20 minute oral presentation to the class.
James P. (ed.), Encyclopedia of Underwater and Maritime Archaeology.
Yale University Press, 1997.
and Reading Assignments
Archaeology, and the Deep Sea
Marine and nautical archaeology:
method and theory
Keith Muckelroy, Maritime
Archaeology, Chapters 1-2, Chapter 6
Patty Jo Watson, "Method
and Theory in Shipwreck Archaeology"
Archaeology," "Underwater Archaeology," "Nautical
Archaeology," Mary Rose," "Institute of Nautical Archaeology,"
"Trilateration," "Baseline Trilateration," "Direct
Survey Method," "Airlift," "Positioning Systems,"
"Shipwreck Anthropology," "Site Formation processes,"
"Cultural context," "Deep water sites," "Excavation"
Deep ocean robotics: vehicles,
sensors and modeling
Robert D. Ballard, "The
MEDEA/JASON remotely operated vehicle system."
L. Whitcomb, D. Yoerger,
H. Singh, and D. Mindell, "Toward
Precision Robotic Maneuvering, Survey, and Manipulation in Unstructured
D.A. Mindell and B. Bingham,
"A High-frequency, Narrow-beam Sub-bottom Profiler for Archaeological
H. Singh, J. Adams, D. Mindell,
and B.P. Foley, "Imaging Underwater for Archaeology."
"Sonic High Accuracy Ranging and Positioning," "Photomosaic,"
"Remote Sensing," "Video Sensing" "Sub-bottom
profiler," "Hamilton and Scourge"
Seafaring and the Ancient
John Pryor, Chapter 1, "The
sea," in Geography, Technology, and War: Studies in the Maritime
History of the Mediterranean 649-1571.
Ferdnand Braudel, vol.1,
part II "The Heart of the Mediterranean: Seas and Coasts,"
pp. 103-167, part IV "The Mediterranean as a Physical Unit: Climate
and History," pp. 231-275, in The Mediterranean.
Yehuda Karmon, "Geographical
Components in the Study of Ancient Mediterranean Ports," in Avner
Raban (ed.), Harbour Archaeology.
Sea," "Israel," "Greece," "Italy,"
"Archaeological Record," "Archaeology," "Ceramic
Studies," "Contextual Relationships," "Shipboard
Autonomous Underwater Vehicles
James Bellingham, "New
Oceanographic Uses of Autonomous Underwater Vehicles."
D.A. Mindell and B. Bingham,
"New Archaeological Uses of Autonomous Undersea Vehicles."
Trade in the Bronze Age
– Eastern Mediterranean
Sherratt, A. & Sherratt,
S. "From Luxuries to Commodities: The Nature of Mediterranean Bronze
Age Trading Systems." in Bronze Age Trade in the Mediterranean,
ed. Noah Gale (Studies in Mediterranean Archaeology, no. 90).
Daniel Potts, "Distant
Shores: Ancient Near Eastern Trade with South Asia and Northeast Africa,"
in vol. III Civilizations of the Ancient Near East, ed. Jack
Cemal Pulak, "The Uluburun
Shipwreck: an Overview."
Lucy Blue, "Cyprus and
Cilicia: The Typology and Palaeogeography of Second Millennium Harbors,"
in Res Maritimae, ed. Stuart Swiny, et al.
Ezra Marcus, "By Land
or by Sea in the Southeastern Mediterranean," in Maritime Trade
in the Southern Levant from Earliest Times Through the Middle Bronze
Dan Davis, chs. III, IV,
V, in "Navigation in the Ancient Eastern Mediterranean" MA
Thesis, Texas A & M.
Aaron Brody, introduction
& conclusion, Each Man Cried Out to His God.
"Cape Gelidonya Wreck," "Bronze Age Stone Anchors,"
"Harbour Studies," "Sheytan Deresi Wreck"
The Minoan World
Malcolm Wiener, "The
Isles of Crete: The Minoan Thalassocracy Revisited."
Gale and Gale, "The
Role of Thera in the Bronze Age Trade in Metals."
Doumas ed., Thera and
the Aegean World (selections)
Chadwick, "Linear B"
Ellen Davis, "The Iconography
of the Ship Fresco from Thera," in Ancient Greek Art and Iconography
The Prehistoric Archaeology
of the Aegean: http://projects.dartmouth.edu/history/bronze_age/
[No Class: March 27
J. Powell, part III "Fishing
Methods," in Fishing in the Prehistoric Aegean.
R. W. Hutchinson, ch. 4,
"The Minoan Marine, Trade, and Communications," and ch. 9,
"The Social and Economic Life, Industries, and Agriculture,"
in Prehistoric Crete.
Morgan, "Ships and Boats,"
& "The Nautical Procession," in The Miniature Wall
Paintings of Thera.
Eric Cline, "The Nature
of the Economic Relations of Crete with Egypt and the Near East during
the Late Bronze Age," in From Minoan Farmers to Roman Traders:
Sidelights on the Economy of Ancient Crete.
Cark G. Reynolds, "The
Maritime Character of Minoan Civilization," (read critically)
Philip Betancourt, "Relations
Between the Aegean and the Hyksos at the End of the Middle Bronze Age,"
in The Hyksos: New Historical and Archaeological Perspectives.
Geology of the Santorini
Volcano (Guest: Prof. Haraldur Sigurdsson, URI Geology Dept.)
Friedrich, Fire in the
Sea (Parts I & II)
Trade in the Western Med.:
Roman, Phoenician, Greek (Guest: Dr. Claire Calcagno, Univ. of Southampton
Sherratt, A. & Sherratt,
S. "The Growth of the Mediterranean Economy in the Early First
Glenn Markoe, Ch. 7, "Commercial
Expansion Abroad," Phoenicians.
John Boardman, ch. 5 "Italy,
Sicily, and the West," in The Greeks Overseas.
P. Pomey, "Navigation
and Ships in the Age of Greek Colonization."
Robert Ballard, Lawrence
Stager, "Iron Age Shipwrecks in Deep Water off Ashkelon, Israel."
wreck," "Marsala Punic Warship"
The Roman Economy (Guest:
Prof. Peter Temin, MIT Econ. Dept.)
Peter Temin, "A Market
Economy in the Early Roman Empire."
Ship," "Madrague de Giens Wreck," "Grand Congloue,"
"Alexandria," "Actian Naval Monument," "Caesarea
Maritima," "Athlit Ram"
April 26-28 - 2nd MIT
Conference on Technology, Archaeology, and the Deep Sea
Skerki Bank (Guest: Anna
Anna McCann and Freed, chs.
1-4, Deep Water Archaeology.
Ballard, McCann, et al. "The
discovery of ancient history in the deep sea using advanced deep submergence
Anna McCann, "Amphoras from the Deep Sea: Ancient Shipwrecks between
Carthage and Rome."
Anna McCann, "An Early Imperial Shipwreck in the Deep Sea off Skerki
Wreck," "Cosa, harbour of"
May 8: TBA