Challenges and Critical Success Factors of KM
Knowledge exists in two forms: explicit and tacit. Explicit knowledge
is easily codified and conveyed to others. Tacit knowledge is more experiential,
subjective and personal, and substantially more difficult to convey. Although
it is more difficult to manage, tacit knowledge is the primary target of
many KM efforts, because it is the repository of the organizations
most strategically valuable knowledge [R3]. This is one of many challenges
a company faces when it decides to implement KM.
Companies are most likely to have success with KM if they have:
- A clear idea of the features and functionality of KM products.
- An awareness of the business goals and the critical success factors
to implement and roll out a KM program
- A thorough understanding of the role of technology in the implementation
of a KM program.
Successful KM initiatives should:
- Identify the purpose of the KM program (internal vs. external focus
and which type of internal focus)
- Have top management support when the project has the blessing
of the CEO and CIO, the rollout of the program is insured.
- Be at the core of medium to long term business goals. KM investments
are not short-term financial investments.
- Break the cycle of information hoarding (intentional and non intentional).
Information hoarding is sometimes the result of lack of tools to share
the information, or of the non-realization that the information could actually
be important to someone in another part of the organization. On the other
hand, in a world where knowledge is power, it is difficult to convince
some of the employees to let go of "proprietary" information,
without proper incentives. In this case, the organization needs to prove
to "knowledge holders" that they will benefit themselves from
- Insure growth and flexibility by providing the ability to customize
and adjust the product over time.
- Manage the user base, by taking into consideration both heavy and light
users. The solution should be able to organize the knowledge so it is most
useful to the specific knowledge seeker. For example, I want it to give
me knowledge relevant to my current knowledge level, so it is easier for
me to understand. In addition, some of the users will be those that KM
is their work, while others will be simply users of the information.
- Make sure that technology role is that of a facilitator and not a replacement
for human expertise and intelligence.