Engineering Enrollment Data at MIT
According to a report of the Computer Research Association (CRA), undergraduate (and graduate) enrollment in Computer Science (CS), over the years 2006-2015 has increased dramatically.1
The report goes on to describe how this expansion – in nonmajor enrollment as well as major – has affected diversity; challenged faculty workload, strained instructional resources, increased demands for space. A section reports on how academic units are responding to these challenges.4
The National Academies established a committee to study the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments.5 They met eight times in 2016 and produced a report, Assessing and Responding to the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments (2017). Since 2009, the number of undergraduate degrees in CS has increased by 74 percent (at non-profit institutions). Like the CRA report, this document considered strategies schools might pursue (and are pursuing) to accommodate this increase in enrollment, strategies . . .
This brief paper looks at MIT enrollment data within this context. Of interest is in how this surge in computer science enrollment has affected enrollments in other fields of engineering (and science).
In the table the first number in each cell is the number of women enrolled in the major. The second is the total number of students, enrolled. The decimal number below is the percentage of the total who are women. The total number in bold is the maximum over the year cited. Source: https://web.mit.edu/registrar/stats/yrpts/
Computer Science, Economics and Data Science, VI-14 (22) is the most recent new joint major, first open to students in the fall of 2017.7
Computer Science and Molecular Biology, VI-7 was launched in fall 2011.
The degree program Aerospace Engineering with Information Technology XVI-2 was begun fall of 2000. It attracted some 20 students throughout the years until the program was phased out in 2014.
The portion of the bar Mechanical Engineering is an aggregate of data for the department’s two majors, “Course 2” and “Course 2A” and the major Mechanical and Ocean Engineering 2-OE. Prior to 2006, the latter was an independent department.
The two bar graphs show enrollment in Course 2 and Course 2A over the past 20 years.8 Data for fall 2007 shows Mechanical Engineering Course 2 enrolling a total of 302 students, 104 (34%) women. Fall 2017 shows a decrease in the total to 249 students, 106 (43%) women. The popularity of the program Mechanical Engineering Course 2A increased over the same period. Total number of students went from 83, 35 (42%) women, to 295, of whom 142 (48%) were women. Course 2A, compared to the traditional Course 2, offers the student more elective freedom allowing a choice of technical electives outside the department.
The total enrollments for three of the engineering majors – Aeronautics and Astronautics, Chemical Engineering, and Civil and Environmental Engineering – includes the number of undergraduates who have chosen an option within each major that offers the student more freedom in choosing courses beyond the core requirements of each major. Aeronautics and Astronautics XVI-ENG and Chemical Engineering X-ENG were launched in fall 2011. Civil and Environmental Eng I-ENG did not become available to students until fall 2014.
MIT Student Enrollment, School of Science
The “new” major, Math & Computer Science, shows again the draw of computer science in attracting students.