Raymond Hood (1881-1934)

A Parish Church in the Gothic Style

A Parish Church in the Gothic Style
elevation, 1903
watercolor and ink on paper

Raymond Hood was born in 1881 in Pawtucket, Rhode Island. He attended MIT under Désiré Despradelle's tutelage and after graduating in 1903, went on to study at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris.

Raymond Hood It was Hood's success with the Chicago Tribune Tower competition in 1922 that clinched his fame. Well over 200 international entries were submitted in competition for the project by luminaries such as Walter Gropuis, Adolf Loos, and Eliel Saarinen. Their submissions were striking and perhaps too "foreign" for the judges taste. Hood's entry, with its Gothic shell, was advanced technologically but seen by many as regressive.

Hood's use of the Gothic mode can also be seen in his thesis drawing for A Parish Church in the Gothic Style. While vastly overscaled for its suggested purpose, a careful study of Gothic detailing is evident in the drawing. Later, with his design for the McGraw-Hill Building in 1930, Hood eliminated the historical references quoted in the Tribune Tower.

A Parish Church in the Gothic Style

A Parish Church in the Gothic Style
plan, 1903
watercolor and ink on paper

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