An interactive simulation in two dimensions of a group
of only three electric dipoles. To see all three dipoles you may have to zoom out (control shift drag with left mouse button). The three dipoles are created with random
positions and orientations, with all the electric dipole
vectors in the plane of the display. Although in principle
the dipole-dipole interaction can be either repulsive
or attractive, in practice there is a torque that rotates
the dipoles so that the dipole-dipole force is attractive.
In the simulation we see this behavior-that is, the
dipoles orient themselves so as to attract, and then
the attraction gathers them together into bound structures.
The dipoles can be repositioned by clicking and dragging
them with the mouse.