My research interests are space plasma
physics, outer planet magnetospheres, solar wind in the outer heliosphere, and
astrophysical plasmas. I was Principal Investigator on the Voyager Plasma
Science Experiment during the Voyager Nepture Encounter--the end of the Grand Tour. I am now a Co-Investigator on the Plasma Science
Experiment onboard the Voyager Interstellar Mission.
Voyager 2 crossed the solar wind termination shock in August of 2007 (see figure below). Voyager 1 crossed the heliopause into the interstellar medium in August of 2012. The Voyager 2 crossing of the heliopause occurred in November of 2018, and now for the first time the MIT instrument on board Voyager 2 is measuring the properties of the local interstellar medium.
I have twice received the NASA Exceptional
Scientific Achievement Medal, once for my contributions to the understanding of
the plasma dynamics of the Jovian magnetosphere, in 1980, and once for my role
as Principal Investigator on the Plasma Science Experiment on Voyager during
encounter, in 1990.