Evacuation Proposal


Problems with Current Evacuation


-Only 80% of city evacuated but the focus became those who remained during the storm.

-Not everyone was able to evacuate not because they did not want to but because they couldn’t (no transportation) or did not want to leave family or friends behind. However, some did not want to evacuate.

-Super Dome was not well-stocked nor well-prepared and out-of-control.


· Keep Evacuation plan but with changes and additions

                          - Add a shelter for New Orleans in Houston

                          - Carrying Capacity Limit in Baton Rouge                                                    shelters; redirect evacuees once reached.

                          -Keep Shelter better prepared and stocked by                                       contracting companies for supplies.

                          -Send out at least one pamphlet/brochure to each              household highlighting emergency evacuation plan        guidelines, designated routes, and contra flow maps. Keep             accessible online and brochures accessible in local stores         (i.e. grocery stores, Home Depot)

                          -Educate young about basic evacuation guidelines         during proposed Hurricane Awareness Week.  


· Implement 5-day plan to existing phase evacuation and priority evacuation

                          -We know hurricane track approximately 3-5 days in              advance. If in threat 5-3 days before predicted landfall,      urge people to make preparations, stock up on supplies,       etc. It takes at least 24 hours to drive to the furthest            shelter during evacuation. Therefore, if threatened, make    evacuation decision 2nd day before predicted landfall.

                          -Begin Priority Evacuation first for nursing homes and              hospital patients (comprehensive plan currently exists).              However, Computerize & back up medical records, make              accessible in shelter cities. Close all public facilities.

                          -Evacuation decision is based on nature of warning              (hurricane watch or hurricane warning– if warning,      implement evacuation plan), intensity of storm (Saffir-      Simpson scale– category of storm indicates type of phase       and evacuation), and where it is predicted to make    landfall.

                          - Phase 1: If threatened by Category 1 or 2 hurricane,              mandatory evacuation for all south of Intracoastal Highway,              voluntary for those north of it.

                          - Phase 2: If threatened by Category 2 or higher,              mandatory evacuation for all south of Mississippi River;              voluntary evacuation for rest. 

                          - Phase 3: If threatened by a slow-moving Category 3,              or any Category 4 or 5 storm, mandatory for whole city              (Greater New Orleans). Contra-flow implemented. 


· Contract companies for supplies for “prep” and shelters


· Designate Pick-up Points for Public Evacuation Transportation

                    -Place evacuation pick-up points in local community      centers, schools, and churches so it is accessible to all         neighborhoods (show pick-up points on maps of brochures and       online and announce on news and radio)

                    - Use public buses and contract companies for buses        (such as tourist company buses

                          -Buses leave every 30 minutes

· If too unsafe to continue evacuation, use pre-supplied local shelters.


Questions or Comments? Email them to neworleans1@mit.edu

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General Evacuation Proposal

Evacuation Capacity

Hurricane Awareness Week Proposal