Control of Vision
The Striate Cortex
9 shows a top view of the monkey cortex with some of the
major landmarks labeled. The primary visual cortex, most commonly referred
to as V1, is in the posterior, occipital region of the brain, demarcated
by the lunate sulcus. The contralateral half of the visual field is laid
out in a neat, topographic order in this structure. The gray matter in
the cortex of monkeys is about 2mm thick and divides into several layers.
The major input from the LGN is to the intermediate layers (4c alpha and
In V1 the input from the LGN is dramatically reorganized
as discovered by the Nobel Laureates David Hubel and Torsten Wiesel. The
major transforms are orientation, direction, and spatial frequency selectivity,
as well as convergent inputs from the two eyes, from the ON and OFF cells,
and from the midget and parasol systems.