IAP 2009

What's the Deal with Hybrid and Electric Vehicles?

An IAP Class by Members of the MIT Electric Vehicle Team

Hybrid vehicles such as Toyota Prius have captured the headlines with their promise of providing the same level of comfort while drastically improving fuel economy. Next generation vehicles such as Chevrolet Volt will further increase electricity portion of the car while reducing the size and the need for the gasoline engine. In this class, we will go over the basics of technology of hybrids, plug-in hybrids and electric vehicles. We will also cover some fun vehicles, such as Tesla Roadster, an all-electric sports car which can travel 244 miles on a single charge and accelerate from 0 to 60 mph in 3.9 seconds, and our own Porsche 914, an all-electric conversion project by MIT Electric Vehicle team. Topics such as powertrain choices, battery technology, rapid charging and vehicle conversions will be covered.


Dates: Tuesday, Jan 20nd and Thursday, Jan 22nd 2009
Time: 12:30 - 2:00
Location: 1-134

Mike Khusid: mkhusid[@]mit.edu
Irene Berry: iberry[@]mit.edu
Manolis Kasseris: kasseris[@]mit.edu

Class Slides

Day 1: Introduction to Electric Vehicles

  • Classifications of EVs and HEVs
  • EV Issues and Terminology
  • Batteries for EVs
  • Electric Motors for EVs

Day 2: An In-depth Look at Electric Powertrains

  • Micro, Mild, Full, and Plug-in Hybrids
  • EV and PHEV Conversions
  • Policies and Initiatives for EVs

Recommended Reading

"The Book"

Reports from the Sloan Automotive Lab

SAE Papers on Hybrid and Electric Powertrains

To access SAE papers (with MIT personal certificate only)

EV Fuel Economy

+ Federal rule on how EV "fuel economy" is calculated and used in CAFE + Summary document, specific for EVs + From the National Renewable Energy Lab

Batteries - Links

+ battery and energy technology, battery applications, chargers and ancillary equipment + battery packs from today's hybrids and discusses Li-ion chemstries for tomorrow's + battery chemistries, battery choices, and ways to make your battery last longer + discusses different Li-ion types, makers, and vehicles

Batteries - Reports

+ includes the Ragone plot of specific power vs. specific energy + Recent (May 2008) assessment of battery technologies, specific for PHEVs--> + Summary document prepared by EVT

Electric Motors and Generators

+ DC, DC brushless, and AC motors with animation + types of AC motors and technical details

Hybrid-Electric Vehicles

+ how hybrids work and how they save fuel + Analysis of reasons people don't buy hybrids + examines cost premiums and payback times of popular hybrids

Policy Incentives for BEVs, PHEVs, and HEVs

+ tax credit for energy efficient vehicles from the Energy Policy Act of 2005 + Hybrid incentives (financial and otherwise) across the country + Includes the Plug-in Electric Drive Vehicle Credit for cars and light-duty trucks + Put 1 million Plug-In Hybrid cars on the road by 2015

Some Specific EVs, HEVs, and PHEVs

+ Full performance Battery Electric Vehicle + Hybrid Electric Vehicle, Full Hybrid + High-Performance Battery Electric Vehicle + Plug-in Electric Vehicle, series architecture, 40-mile electric range

EV Conversions

+ Photos and Information about lots of Home EV Conversions + Conversion of a 1976 Porsche 914 into a Battery Electric Vehicle + From the Cameron Motor Works battery electric vehicle conversion project

EV Initiatives

+ the electric car infrastructure envisioned under Better Place

-- Last updated: 1/22/2009 --