Case Examples


Example of:

    Community Initiated and Managed Program

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Dhaka, Bangladesh


Increasing landlessness in rural areas is causing the rapid growth of cities in Bangladesh. As a result of the huge pressure on urban resources, slums are growing. In eastern Dhaka, residents of the slum community of Khilagaon banded together to form the “Provati Bastee Kalyan Samabaya Samity,” or Slum Welfare Cooperative Society, to deal with the problems they faced.

This endeavour illustrates that there is enough room for both public and private sector participation in the urban affairs.

For further information:
Asian Development Bank and Economic Development Institute of the World Bank. The Urban Poor and Basic Infrastructure Services in Asia and the Pacific. Regional Seminar. January 1991. Manila, Philippines.

Society members pay Tk. 1 per month to jointly:
  • “improve their shelters;
  • construct on-site, affordable infrastructure, particularly services like water, access roads, drains, sanitary latrines and energy supply; and
  • acquire land elsewhere to resettle other members of the Society” (ADB, 1).
What worked and why?

The Society was able to raise funds for improvements despite the low income level of members.

“Employment generation and household income have been increasing, partially as a result of the activation of the Society” (ADB, 2).

Infrastructure improvements met with resistance due to the fear of higher rents. However, gradual improvements are being made by individual homeowners and a small plot has been purchased by the Society as a resettlement site for some of their members.

What didn't work and why?
Infrastructure improvements met with resistance due to the fear of higher rents. However, as a result of their organizing efforts, a fire hydrant and electricity were provided by the municipality.
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