Case Examples


Example of:

    Integrated Urban Management

    • Prevention of Future Land Invasions

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Sao Paulo, Brazil

This World Bank urban water quality management project is often described as a “model urban development project.” The upgrading component possesses an integrated, interagency approach involving five agency/government bodies and has created a precedent for interagency cooperation in urban development projects. It also helped restore public authority in slum areas where there was a high crime rate.
For further information:
Mejia, Abel and Bakalian, Alex. “Urban Stormwater Drainage in Brazil: Issues and Implications.” Infrastructure Notes TWUWS-2. (Washington, D.C.: Transportation, Water and Urban Development Department, World Bank, December 1992).
Jardim Esmeralda before-after
Some of the urban components included:
  • land use rationalization and control, including lot readjustment and urban rehabilitation;
  • the resettling of 3,730 families of favelas and low-income households located in risk-prone and geologically unstable areas;
  • access roads and urban infrastructure;
  • integrated provision of water supply, sewerage, drainage, slope stabilization, and solid waste collection in unserved areas, benefitting 17,200 families in 130 favelas (Bartone, 3); and
  • the restoration of 1,300 ha of deteriorated urban area.
Jardim Esmeralda
What worked and why?
The project avoided the problem of resettlement by upgrading the land invasions along the riparian corridor. To protect open land from further invasions, they created multiple function parks that also serve as environmental education centers and provide open space and recreation.
What didn't work and why?
Financial and cost recovery aspects were not so strong. “Municipality works” were justified on the basis of increased tax revenues from increased income in the slum areas, but this was not realistic.
To Learn More:

Bartone, Carl and Rodriguez, Emilio. “Watershed Protection in the Sao Paulo Metropolitan Region: A Case Study of an Issue-Specific Urban Environmental Management Strategy.” Infrastructure Notes UE-9. (Washington, D.C.: Transportation, Water and Urban Development Department, World Bank, April, 1993)

Brazil’s Troubled Megalopolis.” The Economist. (May 23 1998): 34.

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