THE KANSAS INSTITUTE FOR AFRICAN-AMERICAN
AND NATIVE-AMERICAN FAMILY HISTORY
This website concerns: African American history -- especially historic and current connections with Native Americans-- and social history of the American Mid-West, family history, and commemorating Kansas history.
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LATEST FEATURED ITEMS
Globe 5/2/2021 Tribes grapple with their
role in slavery By Sean
Murphy, Associated Press OKLAHOMA
CITY — As the United States faces a reckoning over its history of racism,
some Native American tribal nations that once enslaved people also are
reckoning with their mistreatment of Black people. When
Native American tribes were forced from their ancestral homelands in the southeastern United States to what is now Oklahoma in
the 1800s — known as the Trail of Tears — thousands of Black slaves owned
by tribal members also were removed and forced to provide manual labor along the way. Once in Oklahoma, enslaved people
often toiled on plantation-style farms or were servants in tribal members’
homes. Nearly 200
years later, many of the thousands of descendants of those enslaved Black
people, known as Freedmen, are still fighting to be recognized by the
tribes that once owned their ancestors. The fight has continued since a
Minneapolis police officer killed George Floyd last year and spurred a reexamination of the vestiges of slavery in the United
Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Muscogee (Creek),
and Seminole nations were referred to historically as the Five Civilized
Tribes, or Five Tribes, by European settlers because they often assimilated
into the settlers’ culture, adopting their style of dress and religion, and
even enslaving people. Each tribe also has a unique history with Freedmen,
whose rights were ultimately spelled out in separate treaties with the
United States. Today, the
Cherokee Nation is the only tribe that fully recognizes the Freedmen as
full citizens, a decision that came in 2017 following years of legal
wrangling. “I think
that we are a better tribe for having not only embraced the federal court
decision but embraced the concept of equality,’’ said Cherokee Nation Chief
Chuck Hoskin Jr., a longtime
supporter of citizenship rights for the Freedmen. The
Cherokee Nation, among the largest Native American tribes, has about 5,800
Freedmen citizens who have traced an ancestor on the tribe’s original
Freedmen rolls in the late 19th century. When the
federal government sought to break up tribal reservations into individual
allotments after the Civil War, they created two separate tribal rolls —
one for members with American Indian blood and one for Freedmen. In many
cases, tribal citizens who appeared Black were placed on the Freedmen
rolls, even if they had blood ties to the tribe. Of the
Five Tribes, only the Chickasaw Nation never agreed to adopt the Freedmen
as citizens, according to the Oklahoma Historical Society. The
Wewoka-based Seminole Nation in particular faces fierce criticism after
several Black tribal citizens were denied COVID-19 vaccines at a federally
operated American Indian health clinic. The
Seminole Nation says the decision about whether to provide vaccines to
Seminole Freedmen rests with the IHS, not the tribe. “To be
clear, the Seminole Nation does not operate the Wewoka Indian Health
Services clinic, has absolutely no policy oversight and was in no way
involved with administering COVID-19 vaccines,’’ Seminole Nation Chief Greg
Chilcoat said in a statement. The agency
said in a statement that it was reviewing eligibility of Seminole Freedmen
and will be working with the tribe to determine what services IHS will
Freedmen say they are also unable to receive services other tribal citizens
get, including health care, tribal license plates and housing subsidies.
From Boston Globe 5/2/2021 Tribes grapple with their role in slavery
By Sean Murphy, Associated Press
OKLAHOMA CITY — As the United States faces a reckoning over its history of racism, some Native American tribal nations that once enslaved people also are reckoning with their mistreatment of Black people.
When Native American tribes were forced from their ancestral homelands in the southeastern United States to what is now Oklahoma in the 1800s — known as the Trail of Tears — thousands of Black slaves owned by tribal members also were removed and forced to provide manual labor along the way. Once in Oklahoma, enslaved people often toiled on plantation-style farms or were servants in tribal members’ homes.
Nearly 200 years later, many of the thousands of descendants of those enslaved Black people, known as Freedmen, are still fighting to be recognized by the tribes that once owned their ancestors. The fight has continued since a Minneapolis police officer killed George Floyd last year and spurred a reexamination of the vestiges of slavery in the United States.
The Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Muscogee (Creek), and Seminole nations were referred to historically as the Five Civilized Tribes, or Five Tribes, by European settlers because they often assimilated into the settlers’ culture, adopting their style of dress and religion, and even enslaving people. Each tribe also has a unique history with Freedmen, whose rights were ultimately spelled out in separate treaties with the United States.
Today, the Cherokee Nation is the only tribe that fully recognizes the Freedmen as full citizens, a decision that came in 2017 following years of legal wrangling.
“I think that we are a better tribe for having not only embraced the federal court decision but embraced the concept of equality,’’ said Cherokee Nation Chief Chuck Hoskin Jr., a longtime supporter of citizenship rights for the Freedmen.
The Cherokee Nation, among the largest Native American tribes, has about 5,800 Freedmen citizens who have traced an ancestor on the tribe’s original Freedmen rolls in the late 19th century.
When the federal government sought to break up tribal reservations into individual allotments after the Civil War, they created two separate tribal rolls — one for members with American Indian blood and one for Freedmen. In many cases, tribal citizens who appeared Black were placed on the Freedmen rolls, even if they had blood ties to the tribe.
Of the Five Tribes, only the Chickasaw Nation never agreed to adopt the Freedmen as citizens, according to the Oklahoma Historical Society.
The Wewoka-based Seminole Nation in particular faces fierce criticism after several Black tribal citizens were denied COVID-19 vaccines at a federally operated American Indian health clinic.
The Seminole Nation says the decision about whether to provide vaccines to Seminole Freedmen rests with the IHS, not the tribe.
“To be clear, the Seminole Nation does not operate the Wewoka Indian Health Services clinic, has absolutely no policy oversight and was in no way involved with administering COVID-19 vaccines,’’ Seminole Nation Chief Greg Chilcoat said in a statement.
The agency said in a statement that it was reviewing eligibility of Seminole Freedmen and will be working with the tribe to determine what services IHS will provide.
Seminole Freedmen say they are also unable to receive services other tribal citizens get, including health care, tribal license plates and housing subsidies.
Implication for general U.S. race-relations of some of the history of relationships between Blacks and Indians – click on this website link MIT Panel on Minorities in the US
African Native American Genealogy Forum for all topics on Black/Indian
connections, especially the recent controversies regarding restoration of
historic citizenship rights for "Freedman"
Freedmen Descendants of the 5 Tribes website
ANOTHER IMPORTANT BOOK ON THESE RELATIONSHIPS
Professor Rosalyn Howard
was an Associate Professor of Anthropology at the University of Central Florida (UCF). She specializes in Cultural Anthropology and her primary area of research is ethnohistorical studies of the African Diaspora with a focus on the interrelationships formed by African and Indigenous peoples in the Americas and the Caribbean. Dr. Howard has conducted extensive research among mixed Native-African populations in The Bahamas and Bermuda. Among her publications is the book entitled Black Seminoles in the Bahamas, an ethnographic study of the Black Seminole descendant community of Red Bays, Andros Island, Bahamas.
Dr. Howard is also a member of a public anthropology research project entitled “Looking for Angola” currently compiling archaeological, cultural, and archival evidence of an early 19th century Florida maroon community, formerly located near present-day Sarasota, Florida, which has a direct connection to Red Bays (www.lookingforangola.org). Prof. Howard is also a consultant to the Cultural Heritage tourism project (co-sponsored by the State of Florida and The Bahamas Ministries of Culture and Tourism) that connects the Red Bays community to the Gullah corridor of South Carolina and Georgia, and Fort Mose near St. Augustine, Florida.
OTHER featured NEWS
US Supreme Court favors
Muscogee Creek land
claims (click on NYTimes link for story)
Among its last rulings, the court handed Native Americans their biggest legal victory in decades when it ruled that much of eastern Oklahoma had long been a reservation of the Muscogee (Creek) Nation. For Muscogee citizens, the win was deeply personal.
“Considered one of the most important African
American architect in the United States, Charles McAfee of Wichita, Kansas, has
used architecture to create opportunities for African Americans and make social
commentary about racial inequality.” (The History Makers) To visit several websites featuring Charles McAfee, open this file, CLICK HERE
and if links don’t open with control-click, copy webaddresses into your browser address
Some HARDIN and JOHNSON FAMILIES of Leavenworth, KS background
OTHER FEATURED ITEMS AND LINKS:
The "Bleeding Kansas Heritage Area
Project" now transformed into the
Freedom's Frontier National Heritage Area (click here for its website)
Obituary about a
prominent member of a Wichita family
June Bacon-Bercey, pathbreaking TV meteorologist, dies at 90.
She was a pathbreaking meteorologist with Wichita roots |
Wichita Eagle, January 9 2020 , Local Obituaries,
original copy from obituary By Daniel E. Slotnik,
New York Times January 08, 2020] Undated photo provided via Dail St.Claire
June Bacon-Bercey was the first African American woman to deliver weather forecasts on American television as a trained meteorologist. Before her marriage, she had studied math at Friends University in Wichita before earning bachelor’s and master’s degrees in meteorology from the University of California, Los Angeles, in the mid-1950s. After graduating, she worked at the National Meteorological Center in Washington and then for the Atomic Energy Commission and the Sperry Rand Corp. In 1979 she earned a master’s degree in public administration from the University of Southern California’s journalism school. She was one of the African American pioneers on television, irrespective of gender.
In 1972, the American Meteorological Society awarded Bacon-Bercey its “Seal of Approval,” given for excellence in on-air meteorology. She was the first African American and the first woman to receive that honor. A year later, she left WGR to become a public speaker. She later worked for the National Weather Service and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. She has also personally endowed a scholarship through the American Geophysical Union for women to study atmospheric sciences. For the full obituary story click here
FEATURED FOR SUGGESTED READING:
Quotes from Jack D Forbes book: AFRICANS AND NATIVE AMERICANS: The Language of Race and the Evolution of Red-Black Peoples, University of Illinois Press 1993 (p270-3) “By the nineteenth century it seems quite certain that Afroamericans, (sic) whether living in Latin America, the Caribbean or in North America, had absorbed considerable amounts of Native American ancestry. Similarly, many North American and circum-Carobbean (sic) native groups had absorbed varying amounts of African ancestry, from New England to the entire rim of Central and South America... [they] might have varying amounts of African and American ancestry derived at different intervals and from extremely diverse sources – as from American nations as different as the Narragansett or Pequot and the Carib or Arawak, or from African nations as diverse as the Mandinka, Yoruba, and Malagasy.”
OTHER FEATURED NEWS
Honoring Native American Heritage Month in Oklahoma
Tuesday, November 19, 2019 Re: Cherokee Nation items on this commemoration, click on next link for website of Cherokee.org November is a significant time for the Cherokee Nation and other tribal nations across the United States. This is the time that we commemorate (click > for online story) Native American Heritage Month.
FEATURED PREVIOUS PROGRAM:
VIDEO of the Humboldt, Kansas ceremony from June, 2000, commemorating "THE GREAT ESCAPE" of Indians and Blacks over "The Trail of Blood on Ice" from "Indian Territory" (now Oklahoma) to Kansas. This 1861/2 flight was led by the Muskogee leader Opothleyahola and reflected a "comrades in arms" collaboration between many thousands of Native Americans and hundreds of African Americans to escape slavery and/or the Confederacy.
here for the introduction to our DVD on the complete ceremony. Please note
that all the video footage on this ceremony is under copyright protection by
the KIAANAFH and may not legally be reproduced without our permission. Click HERE for video footage of the opening of the
ceremony and the speech by the Muskogee Creek Indian Nation's Principal Chief,
Mr. R. Perry Beaver, and the first half of the presensation
by KIAANAFH President Prof. Willard R Johnson. CLICK
HERE for the completion of Johnson's
presentation, and other speakers about the experience of the refugees.
CLICK HERE for PART THREE to continue the presentations by descendants of the refugees and of some of the principal figures in the story of the Great Escape.
CLICK HERE for PART FOUR to complete the presentations by descendants, including direct descendants of Opothleyahola and other leaders of that time. (See near the very bottom of this web page for more material on this event.)
More information on the GREAT ESCAPE program is near the bottom of this website.
OTHER FEATURED FAMILIES
The Fort Scott KS family members for Mr. Lyle Gibson
Eliza Mayhew, born 1808
John C Pendergrass - 10th Calvarey
FEATURED ARTICLES Sharice Davids, a citizen of the Ho-Chunk Nation, won the Democratic primary for a Congressional seat in Kansas.
For profile and record of Congresswoman Davids click here
(SOME ARE REPEATS FROM ABOVE)
Edith Walker’s Kansas pioneer family
introduction of Edith Walker, and click
for Edith Walker's presentation.
Regarding the Sims family, the McAfee family, and others of Wichita:
by Mr. Charles McAfee, of McAfee3Architects Co. for video click here
Regarding The African American communities of North-East Kansas City, KS:
by Rev. Robert L. Baynham for video, click here
“Pompey” Fixico (descendant of Caesar Bruner of the Seimonle/Creek/Mascogos) regarding their relevance to Blacks in Mexico, as well as “Cinco de Mayo” celebrations: click the following link FEATURED online – BLOG ENTRYs
or copy the following text into your web browser location window https://refixico.wordpress.com/2018/08/09/john-horse-dr-runoko-rashidi-carl-nelsons-woldc-radio-program-los-mascogos-and-fort-negros-fixico/
For a subsequent entry on similar issue, try typing this address into
your browser > https://refixico.wordpress.com_2018_alliances-gullah-geechee-seminole-maroons-mascogo-maroons-john-horse-carl-nelsons-woldc-news-and-fort-negros-fixico/
Selected video footage from two special panels presented at the 2017 60th Annual National Conference of the U.S. African Studies Association, featuring the career of Dr. Willard R. Johnson This footage starts with fourth segment of the full set of videos, and is located at https://youtu.be/J8NF_a_n2Wk this segment should be advanced to start at about the 25:25 marker point, to start with the first part of Dr. Vivian R. Johnson discussion of Willard’s and her work on genealogy regarding Kansas ancestors and related social history. View on to the finish of that segmen Note: the first photo, of “Bettie,” is NOT of “The Madagascar Woman” but rather her daughter. We have no name or photo of the Madagascan.. In the next segment, the statue for the First Kansas Colored Regiment is located in Missouri] Then continue on the next segment, at https://youtu.be/MJFs-VSaYrU This segment ends with remarks by Willard. His discussion continues of the final segment: at https://youtu.be/sFvk_DeRIK4 and includes audience remarks and questions including remarks by former American and African students and associates of Willard, and remarks and questions by Dr. Adekeye Adebajo of the University of Johannesburg who heads their Institute of Pan-African Thought and Conversation.
Next is footage regarding from Willard R. Johnson’s presentation to Univ. of Johannesburg Conference organized by Dr. Adebajo, called “The Pan-African Pantheon,” regarding the contributions to Pan-Africanism of Mr. Harry Belafonte For an extensive excerpt from this presentation-- click here
* * *
Interview with noted, now retired and Florida based physician Dr. Joseph K. Hurd, MD, regarding his many generations of Kansas family history! For an online"You-tube" record of this interview click here, and then use the "play all" box at top left!
-----Dr. Joseph K. Hurd ---------------and one of his----- Willingham ancestors-----
FORUMS: HISTORY AND CURRENT CHALLENGES
KANSAS BLACK COMMUNITIES, and
HISTORY OF SOME OF THEIR NOTABLE FAMILIES
WICHITA AREA FORUM
November 14, 2015 ---- Unity Church of Wichita, KS
co-sponsored by UNITY Of Wichita, and the KIAANAFH
Some key African American Humboldt KS families:
by Dr. Willard R. Johnson, retired MIT Professor -
Introduction by Ms Wilma Moore-Black, Wichita State Upward Bound Program Director
(facilitated by the MIT Department of Political Science)
for a video of the introduction and W. Johnson's presentation click here
(ignore any YouTube ads, they are not by us)
for the second part of Johnson, click here
for final part of Johnson's presentation, click here
The George and Catherine Walker family, by Edith Walker
for video of Ms E. Walker's presentation click here
The Brown Family: by Ms. Shelia Brown-Kinnard, Educator for this video, click here
The Sexton Family: by Dr. Eric Sexton, V.P. Wichita State Univ. for presentation click here
for video of audience discussion of this family this link for the video
The Sims Family, the McAfee family, and others of Wichita:
by Mr. Charles McAfee, of McAfee3Architects Co. for video click here
KANSAS CITY AREA FORUM
October 31, 2015 -- Metropolitan Baptist Church, KC, Kansas
(This forum was co-sponsored by the Kansas Humanities Council)
Master of Ceremonies, Ms. Geri Sanders videoclip
Angela Bates presented on the historic Black town of Nicodemus:
we have no video of the presentation itself, but here is a video on the Q&A discussion
history and commemorative quilts, by Ms. Nedra Bonds
5 videos on this presentation and discussion 1st part of Bonds speech , 2nd part of Bonds speech ,
Q n A 1st part , Q n A 2nd part , Q n A final part
Key Community Building orgs and people of NorthEast Kansas Ciity, KS:
by Rev. Robert L. Baynham for video, click here (repeat entry from that featured near beginning of webpage)
Gordon Parks: by Charles McAfee, Architect for video on the main presentation, click here
for video of discussion, click here
Watch this space for future posting of more videos from this forum
ALSO LOOK AT THE MATERIALS FEATURED BELOW:
video -- Concepts of citizenship relevant to
Blacks with Indians
(This 2 hour panel from February 2011 at M.I.T. incluudes a 20+ minute talk by Willard R. Johnson ---for his talk, after starting the video, move the location mark to start at 1hr 17 minutes.)
-- OUR 2012 PUBLIC FORUM --
“Out of the shadows:
Notable African American families
and sites of Mid-America”
Saturday, August 25, 2012 -- 10am to 2pm
at The Black Archives of Mid-America
1722 E. 17th Terrace, Kansas City, MO 64108
Sponsored by The KIAANAFH (with partial
support by FFNHA, the Black Archives of Mid-America,
and the M.I.T. Political Science Dept.)
WE DISCUSSED HOW/WHAT WE CAN LEARN FROM OUR OWN FAMILY
HOW TO BRING OUT THEIR BROADER SIGNIFICANCE!
The stories we discussed concerned the families in the Kansas and Missouri area that settled here before 1950.
We hope to help our children and grandchildren take pride in their family’s heritage.
We aim to bring prominence to our stories by making them known to the thousands of tourists who, in coming years,
will visit the U.S. National Park Service’s project called Freedom’s Frontier National Heritage Area (FFNHA).
We also discussed important but still all too little known places and people in KS/MO history, such as:
o Dr. George Washington Carver: scientist, educator, inventor, artist, born in MO, product of KS education.
o Sarah Rector: the richest Black woman in the US, perhaps the world of her time, who was a resident of KC.
o Bishop John Andrew Greg: who was a noted educator, U.S. diplomat, AME church leader, resident of KC, KS.
o Melvin B. Tolson: educator, labor organizer, civic leader, coach of the famous “Great Debaters,” resident of KC, MO.
o Polly Crossilin: Black Seminole/Creek Indian founder of the Colored Church (Poplar Grove) of Humboldt, KS.
o The role Sumner High School of Kansas City in producing many African American leaders.
o Contributions of the region's African American women's clubs and organizations.
o The contributions of the early local African American churches.
o Stories and sites introduced by the participants.
Ms. Julie McPike, Project Coordinator, FFNHA
Mr. Chester Owens, former member of KC, KS City Council
Mr. Robert Farnsworth, historian and biographer of Melvin B. Tolson
Dr. Doretha Williams, Executive Director of the Black Archives of Mid-America
Ms. Geraldlyn Sanders, Assistant to the President of the KC Art Institute, activist in M.A.G.I.C., KIAANAFH Board
Dr. Khadijah Matin, former National President Afro-American Historical and Genealogical Society, KIAANAFH Board
Rev. Robert L. Baynham, Pastor of the Metropolitan Baptist Temple in KC, KS, KIAANAFH Vice President
Dr. Willard R. Johnson, retired Professor of Political Science at MIT and KIAANAFH President
Ms. Edith Walker, math teacher at the Commonwealth School in Boston, KIAANAFH Treasurer
Ms. Deborah Tucker, retired librarian, Wayne State University, KIAANAFH Board
For "YouTube" based VIDEOS of this forum click on the following links.
Click here for the first 4 presentations --the Forum Introduction by Dr. Khadijah Matin, the explanation of the FFNHA project by Ms. Julie McPike, the introduction to Sarah Rector story by Ms. Geraldlyn Sanders, and discussions by Mr. Chester Owens of AME Bishop Gregg, and the first part of the Sumner High School story.
Click here for the continuation of Mr. Owens' presentation regarding Sumner High School, followed by Robert Farnsworth on the many contributions of "The Great Debater's" coach, Melvin Tolson.
Click here for the video clip of Khadijah Matin's presentation on her Nebraska pioneer family's Kansas experience, followed by Deborah Tucker's discussion of the life and achievements of Dr. George Washington Carver, and then the first part of the presentation by Ms Doretha Williams about early women's clubs in Kansas; AND
Click here for the end of the Williams
presentation on women's clubs, and the first half of the presentation by Rev.
R.L. Baynham regarding the early development of Black
churches in Kansas, and click here for the rest of that presentation by
click here for Matin's introduction of Edith Walker, and click here for Edith Walker's presentation about her pioneer family in Kansas.
OTHER FEATURED LINKS
African Native American Genealogy Forum for all topics on Black/Indian connections, especially the recent controversies regarding restoration of historic citizenship rights for "Freedman"
Freedmen Descendants of the 5 Tribes website
"Muskogee Creek Indian Freedmen
-- for their 2015 Conference speakers click here
"Creek Freedman" Organization
Concepts of citizenship relevant to
Blacks and Indians
(this 2 hour panel incluudes a 15 minute talk by Willard R. Johnson regarding Blacks and Indians (start the video, and to hear only Johnson's presenttion, move the location marker to 1hr 17 min mark into the video)
For current news from an Indian nations
perspective, click here
National Congress of Black American Indians launched in July 2014---
for the Indianz News article on this event, click here
As mentioned above regarding the present form of The "Bleeding Kansas Heritage Area Project" for Freedom's Frontier National Heritage Area (click here for its website) – and --
(for information on ALL the Heritage Areas, click here )
Black Archives of Mid-America
BLACK PAST: African American History
through people and places;
see especially the vignette of Seminole Chiefs Billy Bowleg (Halpata & Sonaki Micco)
National Resources for doing genealogy on African Americans and Native Americans
AfroAmerican Historical and Genealogy Society
Afrigeneas - genealogy and history site
The Kansas African American Museum -- Wichita
Mid West Indian Center Wichita
Heart of America Indian Center KC MO
National American Indian Museum
FOR SOME OTHER HIGHLY RECOMMENDED READING
ABOUT KANSAS SOCIAL HISTORY
This is by the Author of the best-selling books: Cane River, and Red River
We very seldom impose on our contacts to call
attention to commercial products, however relevant they may be to the common
interests of the visitors to this website. However, having read this book (and,
indeed all her previous ones) and having discussed it with her throughout much
of its development, and finding it truly an extraordinarily informative,
moving, historically well-grounded in the available facts, and brilliantly
rendered work of historical fiction – we feel confident in recommending it to
our members and friends. This is a very important story about Cow Tom and his
family, his close associates (such as Harry Island) and owner (Chief Yargee) . Tom and Island were
among the most famous and consequential of the Black interpreters for the
Creek, Seminole, and Cherokee Native American nations, during the period of the
“Indian removals” and American Civil War. Such a story has ramifications for
relations between many African Americans and Native Americans today. It was
published by Atria Books division of Simon and Shuster, Inc. We recommend this
book to a wide range of readers - those who enjoy engrossing fiction, or a good
multigenerational family story, or important but still rather overlooked
aspects of American history.
You can ORDER Citizens Creek through Amazon at this webiste or through the author's website www.lalitatademy.com, just click through any of the links there
(Amazon, Barnes and Noble, or an independent bookseller) For more information, also see the website www.simonandshuster.com or www.facebook.com/atriabooks.
Also consider the book that records a very relevant
2009 exhibit at
The National Museum of Native Americans, Washington D.C.
you can order this book from the Smithsonian Stores:
phone 1-800-331-3761, or online at www.AmericanIndian.si.edu/bookshop
or search by this ISBN: 978-1-58834-271-3
FIND FURTHER RESOURCE LINKS BELOW
Other KIAANAFH PAST ACHIEVEMENTS include:
of a “breakout session” panel at the 57 th
Annual Session of the National Council of American Indians that focussed on "The Legacy and Future of Black/Indian Relations." The session
was organized by former Cherokee Principal Chief Wilma Mankiller,
with the assistance of Dr. Willard R. Johnson and the KIAANAFH. The
transcription was rendered by Dr. Johnson and is published for posting here and
in print by the KIAANAFH. Click on this link for the transcription of this NCAI
session on BLACK/ INDIAN RELATIONS - TRANSCRIPT. You may download and print this transcription for personal,
classroom, civic organizational or other strictly non-commercial uses
For an extensive bibliography and resource list developed by participants in this panel under the leadership of Chief Mankiller and Dr. Patrick Minges, click the next link click here for Bibglioraphy on historic connections between African Americans and Native Americans
For more regarding THE GREAT ESCAPE CEREMONY click > "Tracing Trails of Blood on Ice: The Great Escape" of Indians and Blacks into Kansas." Also Click the next link for text and photo material relating to this ceremony!
You may order a copy of our DVD of the complete ceremony, -- $20 for members, plus $4 shipping. $30 plus shipping for non-members.
The Negro History Bulletin of Jan.-Dec. 2001 (Vol. 64) carried an article by Willard R. Johnson regarding this story . Click here for a text only copy of this individual article for non-commercial use. The whole issue containing this article and teaching guides may be purchased through the Association for the Study of African American Life and History, publications archive website: ASAALH publication archive store
*KIAANAFH also contributed to the planning for the original "Bleeding Kansas Heritage Area" project, including the LeRoy Kansas Opothleyahola Memorial site that is part of that tour area, as part of a 4-county Heritage Tour area that was inspired by and based on the story commemorated in KIAANAFH's June 2000 "Great Escape" ceremony, called "Tracing Trails of Blood on Ice." Video footage of this entire ceremony is featured at the beginning of this webpage, above.
--- for a photograph and more information on the LeRoy site, click here---
The whole trail will be part of the Freedom's Frontier National Heritage Area mentioned above.
OTHER PAST KIAANAFH ACCOMPLISHMENTS include:
* Seminars/exhibitions on pioneer African American families in the Southeast Kansas area with principal funding support from the Kansas Humanities Council.
* Round-Table discussions within the Kansas based African American communities to document the connections the various episodes of forced removal of Native American nations from the South Eastern United States during the 1830s “Trail of Tears."
* A workshop among families that participated in the round-table programs together with experts and officials from the National Archives and Records Administration (from Washington DC and Ft. Worth TX offices) devoted to documentation for connections between the African- and Native- American peoples.
* CHEROKEE NATION CENSUS (1869/1870): transcription of a Cherokee pension census commissioned in 1869, and supervised by Capt. J. W. Craig. It records ALL known residents in the territory of The Cherokee Nation (Indian Territory/Oklahoma) including colored persons, whether citizens or not, and intruders. This census was submitted to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs in Dec. 1871 by F. E. Foster, Sp. Agent in the Pension Office. It had been lost in the National Archives since 1871.
The KIAANAFH is an independent, non-profit, membership organization founded in 1991 to promote the preservation, documentation, and appreciation of family identity, traditions, and achievements of the members of the African American and Native American communities of the Mid-West United States. The KIAANAFH aims to assist families which have a greater Kansas area regional base of ancestral roots and perhaps widely scattered branches, to know, preserve, strengthen and celebrate their own achievements.
The KIAANAFH was founded by persons whose parents or grandparents were/are still resident in Kansas, or whose current work is associated with the study and preservation of historical material relating to Kansas. Many of them represent mixtures of African American and Native American descent, or have "Freedman," and/or “comrade in arms” connections with Native American peoples. Many of them are academicians, in a variety of fields, who can help identify and mobilize resources to assist families to document themselves more fully and to preserve their important memorabilia. In particular, they aim to improve the resource base for revealing and commemorating the often neglected and difficult to document aspects of African American and Native American genealogical and historical relationships.
(Logo items: K=haystack, I=eye floating eye of inquiry, As=African pyramids, NA= “teepees” F= head of family headdress, H=ancestral fan.In the list of KIAANAFH leadership the Kansas area ancestral city of relevance is in parentheses.)
To join the KIAANAFH
Agent Mr. Eric Kirkwood
Rev. Robert L. Baynham
Kansas City, KS
(Kansas City, MO)
Ms. Edith Walker,
OTHER BOARD MEMBERS:
Rev. Dr. Khadijah Matin
(Topeka Kansas, Nebraska)
Mr. Charles F. McAfee
Architect (Wichita, KS)
Ms. Geri Sanders
former College administrator
Black Archives of Mid-America
(Kansas City, MO)
Ms. Deborah Tucker
retired college librarian
Adamany Undergraduate Library
Wayne State University