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Title: Italicize or underline book titles (including spaces). If the book is an edited work and the author is listed, include the edition number and the editor or editors as a separate element between the title and the publication information. Treat a translation the same way. Separate the elements with periods.

Publication information: List the city (written out in full). If the city is not well known or could be confused with another location, add the state (two-letter postal abbreviation) for U.S. locations or the country for foreign publishers. End the location information with a colon and a space followed by a short version of the publisher's name (Harcourt for Harcourt Brace & Co., and Beacon for Beacon Press, Inc.). Use the abbreviation UP for University Press. After the publisher's name type a comma, and then give the year of publication followed by a period.

Book by one Author

Lightman, Alan. Ancient Light: Our Changing

     View of the Universe. Cambridge, MA:

     Harvard UP, 1991.

Book by Two Authors

Chomsky, Noam, and Morris Halle. The Sound

     Patterns of English. New York: Harper,


Edited Book or Anthology

Place the editor or editors (followed by a comma, a space, and ed. or eds.) in the author position.

Spudich, John L., and Bruce H. Satir, eds.

     Sensory Receptors and Signal Transduction.

     New York: Wiley-Liss, 1991.

Selection in an Edited Book

This type of entry has six parts, each ending with a period: (1) the author of the selection; (2) the title of the selection; (3) the title of the edited book; (4) the full name of the editor; (5) publication information; and (6) the page numbers of the selection.

Lipson, Edward D., and Bruce D. Horwitz.

     "Photosensory Reception and Transduction."

     Sensory Receptors and Signal Transduction.

     Ed. John L. Spudich and Bruce H. Satir.

     New York: Wiley-Liss, 1991. 1-64.

Two or More Works by the Same Author

Chomsky, Noam. "Current Issues in Linguistic

     Theory." The Structure of Language. Ed.

     Jerry A. Fodor and Jerrold J. Katz.

     Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice, 1967.


---. "Degrees of Grammaticalness." The

     Structure of Language. Ed. Jerry A. Fodor

     and Jerrold J. Katz. Englewood Cliffs,

     NJ: Prentice, 1967. 384-89.

Chomsky, Noam, and Morris Halle. The Sound

     Patterns of English. New York: Harper,


Book by an Institutional or Organizational Author

Council of Biology Editors. Scientific Style

     and Format: The CBE Manual for Authors,

     Editors, and Publishers. 6th. ed.

     Chicago: Cambridge UP, 1994.

Government Publications

National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

     NASA Pocket Statistics. Washington, DC:

     Office of Headquarters Operations, 1991.

Book with No Listed Author

Waterstone's Guide to Books. London:

     Waterstone, 1981.


Heisenberg, Werner. The Physical Principles

     of the Quantum Theory. Trans. Carl Eckart

     and Frank C. Hoyt. Chicago: U of Chicago

     P, 1930.

Technical Report

MLA style treats technical reports as books.

Heohan, Chris F., et. al. Summary of Triple

     Doppler Data, Orlando 1991. Lexington MA:

     MIT Lincoln Laboratory, 1992.

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## MLA: Books ##
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