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Journal Articles

Write out the full name of the periodical. Capitalize all words except prepositions and articles that do not begin the title or follow a colon. Underline both the periodical title and the volume number.

Article in a Journal Paginated by Annual Volume

Give the title followed by a comma, a space, the volume number (all underlined), another comma, a space, and the page numbers of the article without the abbreviations p. or pp.

     Pasternack, R. F., & Collins, P. J.

(1995). Resonance light scattering: A new

technique for studying chromophore aggregation.

Science, 269, 935-939.

     Nelson, K. A., Miller, R. J. Dwayne,

Lutz, D. R., & Fayer, M. D. (1982). Optical

generation of tunable ultrasonic waves.

Journal of Applied Physics, 53, 1144-1149.

Article in a Journal Paginated by Issue

If the journal is a monthly or bimonthly periodical, list the month of publication after the year. A comma, a space, and the volume number (all italicized or underlined) follow the title. The issue number follows the volume number in parentheses without a space. After another comma, list the page numbers of the article without the abbreviations p. or pp.

     Denning, D. E. (1995, July). Resolving

the encryption dilemma: The case for the

clipper chip. Technology Review, 98(5), 48-55.

Article in a Daily, Weekly, or Biweekly Magazine or Newspaper

Include the year, month, and day. List the page numbers with the abbreviations p. or pp.

     Metcalfe, B. (1996, September 30). The

numbers show how slowly the Internet runs

today. Infoworld, p. 34.

Paper Published in Conference Proceedings

Treat a presentation in conference proceedings like an article in an edited book. If the title of the book does not indicate the name of the conference, place, in brackets, after the title, "Proceedings of" followed by the name of the conference, capitalized.

     Paez-Borrallo, J. M., Perez-Alavarez,

I. A., & Bello, S. Z. (1994). Adaptive

filtering in data communications with self

improved error reference. In IEEE International

Conference on Acoustics Speech and Signal

Processing (pp. 65-68). Adelaide, Australia:

Institute of Electrical and Electronic


     Halle, M. (1987). A biblical pattern

poem. In N. Fabb, D. Attridge, A. Durant, &

C. MacCabe (Eds.), The linguistics of writing:

Arguments between language and literature

[Proceedings of the conference The Linguistics

of Writing] (pp. 67-75). New York: Methuen.

Unpublished Paper Presented at a Meeting

Give the complete date of the presentation and underline or italicize the title of the paper, followed by "Paper presented at" and the name of the conference and its location.

     Lai, M., Chen, B., & Yuan, S. (1995, 12

December). Toward a new educational

environment. Paper presented at the Fourth

International World Wide Web Conference,


Unpublished Dissertation

Underline the title of the dissertation. Then add "Unpublished doctoral dissertation" and the name and location of the university.

     Glazer, F. G. (1987). Hierarchical

motion detection. Unpublished doctoral

dissertation, University of Massachusetts at


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