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The Mayfield Handbook of Technical & Scientific Writing
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Section 3.4.8


In the results section of a report, describe all appropriate information produced by the research procedures. Simply present data and estimates of their accuracy. Save the explanation and interpretation of these findings for the discussion section, which usually follows the results section. In short documents, however, the results and discussion sections may be combined into a single section.

Results sections make extensive use of graphs and figures to present data effectively. Order information by its importance to your audience's purpose in reading the document. State all significant findings in the text, referring to tables and graphs displaying all significant data. If the study has produced a large amount of raw data, do not present all of it in the results section. Instead, present only the information most appropriate to your audience's purpose in reading the document, summarizing other key information in graphs and figures. If appropriate, include your raw data in an appendix, referring to them within your text.

Summation of Results

The quantitive results of this study favored the body-axis concept. (See Fig. 5.) Although no statistically significant differences were noted for either the pilots' understanding of roll attitude or target position, the pilots made pitch judgment errors three times more often with the conformal display. The subjective results showed the body-axis display did not cause attitude confusion, a prior concern with this display. In the posttest comments, the pilots overwhelmingly selected the body-axis display as the display of choice.

--D. Jones et al., "Concepts for Conformal and Body-Axis Attitude Information for Spatial Awareness Presented in a Helmet-Mounted Display," National Aeronautics and Space Administration

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