Documents that enable users to carry out specific actions for well-defined results are said to be task-oriented. A task-oriented document seeks to describe a performance in enough detail to enable the reader to carry out the task. Task-oriented documents such as specifications, documentation, and instructions, transfer expertise. They enable their users to perform specific tasks as the absent expert would.
Typical task-oriented documents include
In all these documents, the author is providing expert guidance that ensures a given standard of performance.