Mixed Conduction in Polymeric Materials:Electrochemical devices from Biosensing to Neuromorphic Computing

15th September 2021

Timing : 1 pm EST

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For a list of all talks at the NanoBio seminar Series Fall'21, see here

Organic semiconductors have been traditionally developed for making low-cost and flexible transistors, solar cells and light-emitting diodes. In the last few years, emerging applications in energy storage, health care and bioelectronics have been proposed. A particularly interesting class of materials in this application area takes advantage of mixed ionic and electronic conduction in certain semiconducting polymers. Indeed, the ability to transduce ionic fluxes into electrical currents is useful when interacting with living matter or bodily fluids. My presentation will first discuss the basic aspects of how mixed conduction works in polymeric materials and then quickly showcase a few examples of their use in my group in biosensors and for energy storage. I will then focus my talk on the use of these materials in electrochemical artificial synapses, a new device with promising applications in neuromorphic computing. This electrochemical RAM (ECRAM) is suitable for analog accelerators and shows fast (<100 ns) switching, high endurance (>109 operations) and linearity, being thus attractive for parallel operation. Our organic neuromorphic device works by combining transport by two fundamental charges: protons and electrons. Finally, I will show how it can be integrated with living matter in a simple example of biohybrid synapse.