Getting Started: Identification
Social Issues

Table of Contents for:

Jobs, Land and Urban Development: The Economic Success of Small Manufacturers in East Delhi, India
Benjamin, Solomon J. 1991. Cambridge, MA: Lincoln Institute of Land Policy.
List of Figures

Executive Summary


    1. Regional Perspective

      The Tide of Urban Migration
      The Emergency of 1975 - 1977
      Further Changes in Government
      East Delhi: The Delhi of the Poor
      The Rise of Small Manufacturers in East Delhi
      Future Plans for East Delhi

    2. Growth and Regularization

      Unauthorized versus Government-Planned Development
      Social Equity of Urbanization in Delhi
      The Development Process
      Interactions with the Official System of Development
      Issues Involved in Regularization
      Incremental Consolidation of Unauthorized Colonies

    3. Small-Scale Manufacturing

      Setting for Production
      A Model of the Evolution of Production
      Land Value as a Surrogate for Productivity
      Stage 1 - Low-Income Residential
      Stage 2 - Low-Technology Production
      Stage 3 - Medium-Technology Production
      Stage 4 - High-Technology Production



    4. An Introduction to Viswas Nager

      Evolution of Viswas Nager
      The Neighborhood-as-Factory
      Manufacturing Networks
      Social and Political Networks
      Historic Overview
      The Entrepreneurs
      The Extended Family [Box]
      The New Partnerships [Box]
      Conflicts with Government Plans

    5. Production and the Land Market

      Evolution of Land Uses and Land Values
      The Period to 1975
      The Period to 1984
      The Period to 1987
      Social Dimensions of a Developing Land Market
      Sociopolitical Mechanisms in Acquiring Tenure
      Social Aspects of Land Transactions
      Financing Small-Scale Manufacturing
      A Typical Factory Owner [Box]
      Comparison to the Jhilmil Industrial Area
      Costs and Procedural Requirements
      Advantages of Viswas Nager

    A Tour of Delhi Suburbs: Photographs

      The Growth of Unauthorized Colonies
      The Case of Viswas Nager
      Contrasting Industrial Models

    6. Secondary Areas

      Evolution of Secondary Lands
      The Process of Improving Secondary Areas
      Benefits to the Colony
      The Mobile Family [Box]
      Disadvantages of Secondary Locations
      Choosing a Site for a Temple [Box]

    7. Worker Housing

      The Dynamics of Landlord-Tenant Relations
      Housing in the Early Stages of the Colony
      Housing in the Advanced Stages of the Colony
      Three Types of Worker Housing in a Consolidated Colony [Box]

    8. Commercial Growth

      Development of Commercial Land
      The Plot Owner
      The Shopkeeper

    9. Social Services

      Demand for the Institutions
      Workers in the Institutions
      Mrs. Rai, a Private School Principal
      Doctors and Health Clinics

    10. Secondary Industries and Services

      Machine Manufacturing
      Mr. Prakash, a School Teacher-Turned-Entrepreneur [Box]
      Plastics Recycling
      Metropolitan Recycling
      Local Recycling
      Local Transportation
      Cycle Rickshaws [Box]
      Construction Materials Supply

    11. Conclusion

      Defining Viswas Nager’s Success
      Conditions Leading to Success
      How Typical is Viswas Nager?
      Public Policy Implications
      A New Research Tool


    Appendix A - Exhibits

      Exhibit 1 - Letter to Shri Rajiv Gandhi from FOAPEC, September 26, 1985
      Exhibit 2 - “Illegal Construction Still too Big for the Law,” The Times of India, March 7, 1990
      Exhibit 3 - “The Demand for Statehood for Delhi,” The Times of India, April 19, 1990
      Exhibit 4 - Advertisement: Delhi Development Authority Slum Wing
      Exhibit 5 - Notice: Delhi Financial Corporation: Special Scheme for Loans to Household Industries

    Appendix B - Flatted Factories as an Alternative to Home-Based Production

      The Experience of Flatted Factories at Jhandenwala in Northwest Delhi
      Administration-Related Problems
      Location-Related Problems
      Summary and Policy Issues to be Addressed

    Appendix C - Study Methodology

      The Research Context
      Case-Specific Data Collection
      Historical Development of Viswas Nager and Surrounding Colonies
      The Evolution of Land Prices
      The Organization of Production
      General Data Collection
      Unauthorized Colonies in the Metropolitan Area
      Production in the Metropolitan Area
      Documentation Tools
      Tape-Recording and Note-Taking

    Appendix D - References

Bibliography Links

| Bibliography Index | Upgrading Strategies | Social Issues | Physical Issues |
| Financial Issues | Institutional Issues | Implementation Issues |
| Evaluation and Impact Assessment Methods | Overview | Handbooks, Manuals |

| What is Urban Upgrading? | Doing Urban Upgrading | Case Examples |
Issues and Tools | Resources | About This Site |
Search Web Site | Site Map | Home | Ask Grady | Feedback |

Copyright © 1999-2001, The World Bank Group. All Rights Reserved.