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Title: Italicize or underline book titles (including spaces). Include (not italicized or underlined) a second or subsequent edition number after the title.

Publication information: Enclose the location information in parentheses. Begin with the city (written out in full). If the city is not well known or could be confused with anotheration, add the state (full, not postal abbreviation) for U.S. locations or the country for foreign publishers. End the location information with a colon. Type a space and give the full name of the publisher followed by a comma, a space, the year, and the closing parenthesis. In each of the following examples, the note form is followed by the bibliography form.

Although a bibliography is not always used, the examples that follow show the bibliographic form after the note form.

Book by One Author

     1. Alan Lightman, Ancient Light: Our

Changing View of the Universe (Cambridge, MA:

Harvard University Press, 1991), 106.

Lightman, Alan. Ancient Light: our Changing

     View of the Universe. Cambridge, MA:

     Harvard University Press, 1991.

Book by Two or More Authors

     1. Noam Chomsky and Morris Halle, The

Sound Patterns of English (New York: Harper &

Row, 1968), 77-81.

Chomsky, Noam, and Morris Halle. The Sound

     Patterns of English. New York: Harper &

     Row, 1968.

Edited Book or Anthology

Place the editor or editors (followed by ed. or eds.) in the author position.

     1. John L. Spudich and Bruce H. Satir,

eds., Sensory Receptors and Signal

Transduction (New York: Wiley-Liss, 1991).

Spudich, John L., and Bruce H. Satir, eds.

     Sensory Receptors and Signal Transduction.

     New York: Wiley-Liss, 1991.

Book by an Institutional or Organization Author

     1. Council of Biology Editors, Scientific

Style and Format: the CBE Manual for Authors,

Editors and Publishers, 6th ed. (Chicago:

Cambridge University Press, 1994), 738.

Council of Biology Editors, Scientific Style

     and Format: the CBE Manual for Authors,

     Editors, and Publishers. 6th ed., Chicago:

     Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Government Publication

     1. National Aeronautics and Space

Administration, NASA Pocket Statistics

(Washington, D.C.: Office of Headquarters

Operations, 1991).

National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

     NASA Pocket Statistics. Washington, D.C.:

     Office of Headquarters Operations, 1991.

Book with No Listed Author

     1. Waterstone's Guide to Books (London:

Waterstone, 1981).

Waterstone's Guide to Books. London:

     Waterstone, 1981.


     1. Werner Heisenberg, The Physical

Principles of the Quantum Theory, trans. Carl

Eckart and Frank C. Hoyt (Chicago: University

of Chicago Press, 1930).

Heisenberg, Werner. The Physical Principles

     of the Quantum Theory. Translated by Carl

     Eckart and Frank C. Hoyt. Chicago:

     University of Chicago Press, 1930.

Technical Report

CMS style treats technical reports as books. List any identifying report, contract, or series number immediately after the title. If the report has two numbers, give the one that is the more useful for identification and retrieval.

     1. Chris F. Heohan, Margita C. Liepins,

Cynthia A. Meuse, and Marilyn M. Wolfson,

Summary of Triple Doppler Data, Orlando, 1991,

Project Report ATC-186 (Lexington, Mass.: MIT

Lincoln Laboratory, 1992).

Heohan, Chris F., Margita C. Liepins, Cynthia

     A. Meuse, and Marylin M. Wolfson. Summary

     of Triple Doppler Data, Orlando, 1991.

     Project Report. ATC-186. Lexington, Mass.:

     MIT Lincoln Laboratory, 1992.

Selection in an Edited Book

This type of entry has five parts: (1) the author of the selection; (2) the title of the selection; (3) the word in introducing the title of the edited volume, which is followed by ed. (here standing for "edited by") and the name of the editor; (4) the publication information; and (5) the page numbers of the selection.

     1. Edward D. Lipson and Bruce D. Horwitz,

"Photosensory Reception and Transduction," in

Sensory Receptors and Signal Transduction, ed.

John L. Spudich and Bruce H. Satir (New York:

Wiley-Liss, 1991), 1-64.

Lipson, Edward D., and Bruce D. Horwitz.

     "Photosensory Reception and transduction."

     In Sensory Receptors and Signal

     Transduction, edited by John L. Spudich

     and Bruce H. Satir, 1-64. New York:

     Wiley-Liss, 1991.

Two or More Works by the Same Author

The full notes are in standard form, but the short forms include a brief title. Format the author's name in the bibliographic entries in the same style as MLA, and list the name (or names if there are multiple authors) in the first entry. In subsequent entries, type three hyphens and a period in place of the name(s).

     1. Noam Chomsky, "Current Issues in

Linguistic Theory," in The Structure of

Language, ed. Jerry A. Fodor and Jerrold J.

Katz (Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall,

1967), 50-118.

     2. Noam Chomsky, "Degrees of

Grammaticalness," in The Structure of Language,

ed. Jerry A. Fodor and Jerrold J. Katz

(Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1967),


Chomsky, Noam. "Current Issues in Linguistic

     Theory." In The Structure of Language,

     edited by Jerry A. Fodor and Jerrold J.

     Katz, 50-118. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.:

     Prentice-Hall, 1967.

---. "Degrees of Grammaticalness." In The

     Structure of Language, edited by Jerry A.

     Fodor and Jerrold J. Katz, 384-89.

     Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall,


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