Funding for Before the Tsunami
Funding for the new system would come from foreign governments along with international sources of aid. Neither Peru nor Micronesia is capable of building a system using its own funds.1,2 Industrialized nations around the Pacific, specifically the United States, Japan, Russia, and China, would supply large amounts of aid, which would be given in the forms of collection of supplies, monetary contributions, and national preparation.
The collection of supplies would be centered on the creation of the supply depots.3 Supplies would come from the international community with some contribution from the national government. Food and water, in the forms of ready to eat meals, would be priorities. To compensate for the difference in the culture between the recipient countries and the donor countries, the donor countries would develop culture sensitive meals with the idea of using similar meals in culturally similar areas. Secondary supplies such as computers, satellite phones, emergency shelters, and clothing would also be collected.
Monetary contributions would go to the creation of the warning system. This includes the construction, deployment, and maintenance of buoys as well as the communication lines between the member countries of the International Pacific Warning Center. Industrialized and partly industrialized nations would fund the majority of the projects. It is expected that the monetary contributions would fall along the lines of 10% non-governmental organizations, 30% United States, and 60% world governments. This takes into account both the principles of a large US contribution in any system as well as the increased involvement of other governments.
This of course requires that the United States, which currently controls and maintains the Pacific Tsunami Warning System, except for the regional systems, would need to take on a different role within the system.4 This would most likely not become problematic. The United States would look favorably upon a reduction in its contribution to the system, due to the difficulties with the budget and the current expenditures in Iraq and Afghanistan. As for the control aspect, it would lose very little of that by the creation of an international system. Other nations would depend on cooperation from the United States to create their own national systems. In any case, the United States could put external pressure on nations to cooperate with its wishes in the tsunami system.
In the event of nations withholding funding from the system, the problem would be referred to the World Court, which would be given jurisdiction to settle conflicts between nations within the system.5 Decisions made by the World Court are not binding, making it still possible for the nations to refuse funding. In this case, the Director of the International Pacific Tsunami Center would then contact the media. This would create the embarrass the offending nation, giving incentive for them to follow through on their initial pledges.
For the yearly funding of the system, the director of the International Pacific Tsunami System would submit a budget to the annual conference of member states. The states would then determine between themselves how they would meet the needs of the system.
For several reasons, a new system would also require national governments to want to participate in the system. Firstly, the new system is created underneath the United Nations. Since the nations that would be participating in the system are already members, one of the major blocks to joining the system is removed. Furthermore, nations currently have little say in their tsunami protection; a new system would increase their autonomy. Finally, a goodly portion of the nations that would participate are either second or third world nations. By participating in the system, the nations would be given specific aid to develop their infrastructures, which is an incentive that is more than likely to draw many nations into the system.
The maintenance of the local warning systems would be the responsibility of the national governments, with oversight of the International Tsunami Center. This would include the funding/maintenance of the computer systems, the deployment of the warning system, and the education of the populous. The buoys off the coast would be maintained by the International Pacific Tsunami Warning Center due to the need for proper servicing and the difficulty of doing so. The national governments would be able to work with the International Tsunami Center to find sources of funding for their projects.
The Director of International Pacific Tsunami System would determine what expansions to the system would be needed and where the funding for them would come from.
1. Peru - economic briefing november 2004. Retrieved Oct. 27, 2005, from http://www.latin-focus.com/latinfocus/briefings/2004/0411_briefings/Peru2.htm
2. C.r. no. 14-35. (2005). Retrieved Oct. 27, 2005, from http://www.fsmcongress.fm/pdf%20documents/CR%2014-35.pdf
3. What are humanitarian daily rations?. (2003). Retrieved Nov. 19, 2005, from http://www.defenselink.mil/news/Oct2001/n10072001_200110073.html
4. Pacific Tsunami Warning Center. Retrieved Oct. 27, 2005, from Pacific Tsunami Warning Center Web site: http://www.prh.noaa.gov/ptwc/
5. The decision. (n.d.). Retrieved Oct. 27, 2005, from http://www.icj-cij.org/icjwww/igeneralinformation/ibbook/Bbookframepage.htm