"Hotspots" are areas of land that hold large reserves of biodiversity. We will select these areas based on threat to habitat and number of endemic species, or species that have a very specific geographic range. Therefore, hotspots represent areas that, if they were to be destroyed, would cause a relatively large loss of species. Biodiversity provides a variety of benefits: it can facilitate adaptation to environmental changes, help moderate natural disasters, and mitigate the effects of erosion. Hotspots serve as reserves in which biodiversity can flourish. These areas will have limits on the amount of human activity that can occur within them. The overall goal is to preserve biodiversity by reducing human harm to these areas. Barriers to the proper preservation of hotspots include selecting proper policies that are the useful and relevant for each hotspot, the willingness of native peoples to follow set regulations, and the enforcement of these regulations. This section details the policies that should be enacted within various hotspots, and suggests several methods for dealing with these barriers.
Limiting the loss of biodiversity and preserving ecosystem services requires the preservation of hotspots. These pages summarizes the actions countries should take to preserve the hotspots within their borders. We propose the creation of various types of hotspots, administrated by Protectors of Biodiversity. Additionally, we have also included a case study .