Doing Urban Upgrading
Phase 4 Capturing Experience

Evaluate/Incorporate Lessons

What do you need to do?

• Prepare concept and mechanism for monitoring, lesson drawing and identifying good practices.

• Develop concept and mechanism for incorporating lessons.

• Identify skills needed and training required.

Photo: Sri Lanka - new drain

Colombo, Sri Lanka

A continuing difficulty in programs is lesson drawing and incorporating lessons into practice. Evaluations have several handicaps: they are often perceived as threatening to staff, some argue that lessons learned are not generally valid for other projects since cases are always different and times have changed, who pays since funding from outside sources often terminates with completion of project components, and who is sufficiently objective for the evaluation.

Time to do

Monitoring occurs during implementation and guides and adjusts the ongoing efforts. Evaluation has several phases: the initial evaluation to determine completion of what was proposed, and subsequently impact assessments to determine broader benefits. The latter is carried out several years after completion, the former immediately upon completion.

Who does it

Several options are available: it is difficult for project implementation units to be objective but often they undertake evaluations. More recently, communities themselves are carrying out evaluations. Funding agencies also carry out evaluations but too often are only for internal use. Academic research has provided useful evaluations and reflection, but is not systematic.

Phase IV: Capturing Experience

You can view the topics by clicking on the red buttons Click button to view this topic.  in the index below.



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How are lessons being captured? Who does it?
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How are lessons being incorporated?


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What are the indicators for evaluations?
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Whose interests are being served? Who pays?


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How will the reporting system be setup?


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What are the policies on displacement and spillover?



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History: World Bank's 25 Years of Urban Development Lending
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How Can Information Technology Be Useful for Upgrading?


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Assessing Projects and Programs
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Indicators To See If You Got It Right
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Training cum Assessing Workshop
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Setting Up a System for Monitoring and Evaluating Program Implementation



Sketch from Zambia

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