with Dan Oran*, Sam Rodriques*, Rui Gao, Shoh Asano, Mark Scott, Fei Chen, Paul Tillberg and Ed Boyden
Lithographic nanofabrication is often limited to successive fabrication of two-dimensional (2D) layers. We present a strategy for the direct assembly of 3D nanomaterials consisting of metals, semiconductors, and biomolecules arranged in virtually any 3D geometry. We used hydrogels as scaffolds for volumetric deposition of materials at defined points in space. We then optically patterned these scaffolds in three dimensions, attached one or more functional materials, and then shrank and dehydrated them in a controlled way to achieve nanoscale feature sizes in a solid substrate. We demonstrate that our process, Implosion Fabrication (ImpFab), can directly write highly conductive, 3D silver nanostructures within an acrylic scaffold via volumetric silver deposition. Using ImpFab, we achieve resolutions in the tens of nanometers and complex, non–self-supporting 3D geometries of interest for optical metamaterials.
See also: nm2cm concept below
with George Church, Robert Barish and others
No integrated architecture has yet been proposed which fully specifies how to produce structures with a) overall sizes on the scale of today’s computer chips (centimeters), b) addressable features on the 10 nm scale, and c) the ability to attach a wide range of discrete molecular components at customizable locations. We are investigating schemes for nanometer-to-centimeter fabrication integration via top-down organization of DNA nanorods using DNA hybridization interactions, as well as other architectures.
Thesis excerpt: PDF
with Mingjie Dai, Ralf Jungmann and Peng Yin
In this project, we made a nanoscale "tightrope" out of a single double helix of DNA.
Thesis excerpt: PDF
with Shawn Douglas and William Shih
I helped to write the first version of the open-source software CADnano for design of three-dimensional scaffolded DNA origami nanostructures. Shawn Douglas led the project and has since led the development of improved versions in collaboration with AutoDesk, Digizyme, the Wyss Institute and other groups.
with Michel Devoret
Using quantum entanglement, it is theoretically possible to perform so-called "pseudo-telepathy": groups of separated, non-communicating individuals can perform collective tasks which would, in a non-quantum universe, absolutely require them to communicate. To do so, they must establish quantum entanglement beforehand: the prior entanglement serves as a kind of substitute for later communication. Intrigued by limited examples of such quantum pseudo-telepathy schemes, I wondered whether quantum mechanics could allow complex computations (involving chains of non-linear logic operations) to be performed using less communication than would be required classically. Michel Devoret and I showed that this was true: the non-linear logic involved in performing a distributed binary addition operation can be done using exponentially less communication than would normally be necessary, provided the parties involved share prior entanglement.
with Michel Devoret and Archana Kamal
I helped to design a new type of amplifier for microwave-frequency electronic signals. The device operates in a regime where macroscopic electrical quantities like voltage and current exhibit "spooky" quantum behavior.