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Active One-to-One Research Projects


Water and Environment

Developing Pre-Launch Experiments for Arid and Semi-Arid Land Environments to the Future NASA Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) Satellite Mission

Professor Dara Entekhabi
Professor Dara Entekhabi
PI at MIT

Professor Hosni Ghedira
Professor Hosni Ghedira
PI at Masdar Institute


Description

The goal of this research project is to develop pre-launch 'data-denial' experiments for the future SMAP mission. Given the regional interest in arid and semi-arid land issues, this research is focusing on: (1) drought early-warning and (2) dust generation.

Relevance

Having an accurate estimation of soil moisture spatial variation will play a key role in forecasting, estimating and monitoring dust generation in dry and arid regions such as the UAE. Furthermore, direct observation of soil moisture from space will allow significantly improved estimates of water, energy and carbon transfers between the land and atmosphere. The accuracy of numerical models used in weather prediction and climate projections are critically dependent on the correct characterization of these transfers. Soil moisture measurements are also directly applicable to flood assessment, drought monitoring and dust generation prediction. Mitigation measures of drought and excessive dust generation hazards are based on spatial monitoring and season climate prediction.


Distribution of observation sites
Distribution of the 22,000 routine observation sites described during the Extensive Survey.

 

Soil map of Abu Dhabi
Soil map of Abu Dhabi summarized at Great Group level.

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