Bibliography Financing & Cost Recovery

'Must read' items are indicated by a Star and most include a copy of their Table of Contents or an abstract. When available, a pdf download of the full report is included, noted by the phase: (PDF download available)


Incentive-Based Subsidies: Designing Output-Based Subsidies for Water Consumption. Andrés Gómez-Lobo. Public Policy for the Private Sector, Note Number 232. 2001.
(PDF Download)

Possible Adverse Effects of Increasing Block Water Tariffs in Developing Countries. Dale Whittington. Economic Development and Cultural Change, vol. 41, no.1. USA, University of Chicago. 1992. (Link)

Principles of Water Rates, Fees, and Charges. American Water Works Association. AWWA, Denver, 2000. 341 pages. (To order)
This manual examines an array of issues in setting water rates and structures. It provides in-depth guidance on the pros and cons of alternative rate structures and their impact on customers.


Cost Recovery

Cross-subsidies and network expansion in developing countries. Laffont, J., and A. N. Gbo. In: EUROPEAN ECONOMIC REVIEW 44: 797-805. 2000.

The 'five percent rule' for improved water service: Can households afford more? McPhail, A. In WORLD DEVELOPMENT 21(6): 963-973. 1993.

Marginal opportunity cost pricing for municipal water supply. Warford, J. Ottawa, Canada: International Development Research Centre. 1997.

Price structures, cross-subsidies, and competition in infrastructure. Irwin, T. Private Sector No. 107. The World Bank Private Sector Development Department. 1997.

“Problems of Cost Recovery in Development projects: Experience of the Lusaka Squatter Upgrading and Site/Service Project.” Sanyal, Bish. 1987. Urban Studies 24 (4): 285-295.

Water markets, market reform and the urban poor: Results from Jakarta, Indonesia. Crane, R. 1994. In: WORLD DEVELOPMENT 22(1): 71-83. 1994.

Bibliography Links:
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