Professor Richard Milner joined the MIT faculty in 1988, where he served as Director of the Bates Linear Accelerator Center, and now as Director of MIT's Laboratory for Nuclear Science. He received his B.Sc. in 1978 and his M.Sc. in 1979 in Physics from the University College, Cork, Ireland, and his Ph.D., also in Physics, in 1984 from the California Institute of Technology, where he was a Research Fellow from 1985 to 1988.
Professor Milner is the Director of MIT's Laboratory for Nuclear Science (LNS), and a member of its Medium Energy Physics Group. His research is focused on studying the spin structure of strongly interacting systems. A major focus of his research effort over the last decade has been the HERMES experiment to study the spin structure of the nucleon. This work was carried out in collaboration with Prof. Robert P. Redwine. HERMES has provided important new data on the flavor decomposition of the quark spin and on the contribution of the glue, yielding a number of new, unexpected results.
Prof. Milner’s current research focus is the OLYMPUS experiment at the DESY laboratory in Hamburg, Germany. This uses the Bates Large Acceptance Spectrometer Toroid (BLAST), which was constructed at the MIT-Bates Linear Accelerator Center, together with a hydrogen gas target internal to the DORIS storage ring to measure precisely the ratio of positron-proton to electron-proton elastic scattering at 2 GeV to determine the contributions beyond single photon exchange. This work is carried out in collaboration with Prof. Robert Redwine as part of a larger international collaboration. Data taking is planned for 2012.
Dr. Karen Dow joined the MIT staff in 1987 as a sponsored research staff member at MIT’s Bates Linear Accelerator Center. She received her A.B. in physics and mathematics from Mount Holyoke College in 1982, and her Ph.D. in physics from MIT in 1987. She has been an MIT Principal Research Scientist since 2005.
At Bates, Dr. Dow was responsible for data acquisition systems, and was promoted to Research Support Group leader and then Engineering Division head. In 2006, she was named Associate Director of Bates, and served in that position for over five years.
Her research has focused on medium energy nuclear physics, including properties of few-body systems, the use of polarized electrons to test weak interaction theories and study nuclear and nucleon structure, and the applications of particle detection techniques and particle accelerators to medical physics and cargo-screening problems. Her most recent nuclear physics research has been on the BLAST and OLYMPUS experiments.
In addition to her work for MIT, Dr. Dow has served in various elected and volunteer positions, including her town’s Board of Library Trustees, School Committee, Board of Selectmen and Finance Committee, and the Mount Holyoke College Alumnae Association’s Alumnae Honors Research Committee.