MISTI MIT-Israel, in partnership with the Industrial Performance Center and MIT’s Undergraduate Energy Club presents Introducing Renewables Globally: Challenges and Possible Solutions with Prof. David Faiman, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, former Director of Israel’s National Solar Energy Center. Moderated by Prof. Richard K. Lester, Head, Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering and Chair, Industrial Performance Center, MIT.
2:30 – 3:00 Networking and refreshments
3:00 – 4:00 Program
4:00 – 4:30 Networking
New fossil-fuelled electricity generating (FFEG) plants continue to be built world-wide in spite of serious concern about their negative environmental impact. For geographically small countries, like Israel, the impact is mainly on health — as a result of particulate and chemical emissions. For larger countries such as China and the USA, greenhouse gases are a major global concern. The presentation will discuss the technical and economic feasibility of ceasing the construction of all new FFEGs and providing for the world's growing electricity needs using wind and photovoltaic power generation. The examples of Israel and the USA will be singled out for quantitative discussion.
David Faiman (PhD Univ. of Illinois 1969), a former theoretical physicist (Oxford, CERN, Weizmann Institute), joined Ben-Gurion University in 1976 and established its department of Solar Energy & Environmental Physics at the university’s Sede Boqer campus. In 1993 he was appointed director of Israel’s National Solar Energy Center, which the government established at Sede Boqer. His solar research activities have spanned a range from solar radiation measurements to device and system testing, with particular emphasis on concentrator photovoltaics.
10:00 – 11:15: Poster presentations
11:15 – 12:30: Signature talks (20 minutes each) by
Ethan Bates (fission)
Mareena Robinson (RST/nuclear security/materials)
Christian Haakonsen (fusion)
Friday, April 4 at 9:00am in 3-333
Dr. Avetik Harutyunyan Honda
Carbon Nanotubes: From the Origin of the Helicity to the Applications
Single walled carbon nanotubes continue to surprise with unprecedented potential applications. Yet, the lack of homogeneous material became a major obstacle that hinders their broader exploitation. The origin of this challenge is related to the broad diversity of energetically close nanotube structures that can be transformed from one to each other by small structural perturbation. Current strategies for helical-controlled growth based on correlation between catalyst structure and nanotube helicity will be analyzed. Yet, in situ environmental electron microscope studies demonstrated that carbon cap nucleation and the following lift off from catalyst surface were accompanied by the remarkable reconstruction of catalyst morphology. Novel insights of nucleation including evolution of graphene embryo into cap and then nanotube via catalyst steps flow over adjacent facets will be described. The significance of carbon cap primary nucleation in the sequence of anotube formation stages and distinctive role of catalyst facets angular distribution for helicity formation will be presented.
The Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering (NSE) and the Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems (CANES) are hosting a symposium on advances in nuclear energy on April 28 and 29 in honor of Professor Michael J. Driscoll, who is celebrating his 80th birthday this year.